Lists of Ethnic Groups - By Alphabet - A

A

Name Country Population Notes
Abazins Russia (Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea), Turkey, Armenia 50,000
Abenaki Canada (Quebec, Nova Scotia), United States (Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine) 12,000 Native Americans
Abipones Argentina extinct
Abkhazs Georgia, Turkey, Russia, Abkhazia ~200,000 – 600,000
Aboriginal Australians Australia 550,000 Indigenous peoples of Australia
Abron Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire 1,200,000
Acadians Canada (Canadian Maritimes), United States (Madawaska, Maine) 500,000 French-Canadians
Accohannock United States (Maryland) Native Americans
Achang China (Yunnan) 29,000
Acelmese Indonesia 1,200,000
Acholi Uganda Luo people
Achomawi United States (California) 1,500 band of the Pit River tribe of Native Americans
Acoma United States (southwest), Mexico 5,000 Native Americans
Adi India (Arunachal Pradesh)
Adjarians Georgia (Adjara) ~70,000 sub-group of Georgians of the Islamic religion
Adyghe Russia (North Caucasus region), Turkey ~600,000
Adyhaffe
Aeta Philippines
Afar Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti ~5,000,000 Also known as Danakil
African-American United States 40,000,000 citizens of the United States descended from West African slaves or otherwise of African ancestry
African Canadian Canada 800,000 may include West Indian and Afro-Caribbean peoples in Canada
African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem Israel ~5,000 an ethnic minority of black people in Israel
Afrikaners South Africa 3,600,000 South Africans of mostly Dutch ancestry, but also including the descendants of French Huguenot and German Protestant refugees, who intermarried with Dutch settlers and adopted Afrikaans as their mother tongue
Afro Argentine Argentina Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro Bolivian Bolivia Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro Brazilian Brazil Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Chilean Chile Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Colombian Colombia Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Costa Rican Costa Rica Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Cuban Cuba Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Dominican Dominican Republic Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Ecuadorian people Ecuador Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Guyanese Guyana Afro-American peoples of the Americas
Afro-Jamaican Jamaica Afro-American peoples of the Americas
Afro-Mexican Mexico Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Peruvian Peru Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Portuguese Portugal 150,000 residents or citizens of Portugal of Black-African descent
Afro-Puerto Rican Puerto Rico Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Afro-Trinidadian Trinidad and Tobago Afro-American peoples of the Americas
Afro-Uruguayan Uruguay Afro-American peoples of the Americas, Afro-Latin American
Aftsarians or Isaurians Turkey
Agaw Ethiopia, Eritrea
Agni Côte d'Ivoire
Aguls Dagestan 30,000
Ahtna United States (Copper River) 500 Alaska Natives
Aimaq Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan 1,600,000
Ainu Japan, Russia (Sakhalin Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Kamchatka Krai) ~25,000 - 200,000 Natives of Hokkaidō, much of Sakhalin, the Kuriles, and at one time northern Honshū, the Kamchatka Peninsula, and the Amur River basin
Aynu China different from the Ainu of Japan and Russia
Aja Benin, Togo 500,000 part of the Gbe linguistic/cultural group
Aka Central African Republic, Congo, Republic of the 30,000
Akie Tanzania 5,200
Ak Chin United States (Tohono O'odham reservation, Pinal County, Arizona) Native Americans
Akan Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire 20,000,000
Akha Thailand 450,000
Akuapem Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana ~1,000,000
Akhvakh people Dagestan 8,000
Akyem Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana ~4,000,000
Alabama United States (Oklahoma, Texas) 1,500 Native American people from whom the state takes its name; now sharing a reservation in Texas with the Coushatta
Alak Laos 4,000
Albanians Albania, Kosovo, Serbia, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Greece, Turkey, Italy (Arbereshe) 7,000,000 Balkan people
Albanian American United States 200,000 United States citizens of full or partial Albanian ancestry
Albanian Australian Australia 11,000 residents of Australia who are of Albanian ancestry
Aleut United States (Aleutian Islands), Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) 18,000 Alaska Natives
Algonquian United States (eastern), Canada Native Americans
Aliutors Russia (Koryak Autonomous Okrug) ~2,000 - 3,000
Alsatians France inhabitants of Alsace, France who are of ethnic German origin.
Amahuaca Bolivia, Peru 500
Amerasians Japan, Korea, Republic of, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam Children and grandchildren of mixed-race unions of U.S. American servicemen and Asian women, most notably during the Vietnam war era
Americans United States (North America) 311,591,917
Americo-Liberians Liberia 150,000 - 200,000 Liberian ethnicity of African American descent
Amhara Ethiopia 20,000,000 also the Amharic language
Amish United States (Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, New York), Canada (Ontario) 250,000 North American religious minority, of German descent
Amungme Indonesia (Papua province) 13,000
Andalusians Spain 17,500,000 Latin European peoples; inhabitants of southern Iberia
Andis Bosnia and Herzegovina
Anga Papua New Guinea
Anglo-African South Africa 2,000,000 White African people of largely British descent who live or come from Sub-Saharan Africa and are Anglophone
Anglo-Burmese Burma 52,000 mixed-race descendants of Burmese and Anglophone British colonists
Anglo-Celtic Australian Australia 13,000,000 Majority inhabitants of Australia with mixed English and Celtic (especially Irish and Scottish, but also Welsh and even Cornish and Manx) ancestry
Anglo-Indian India 125,000 People of mixed Indian and English ancestry, or people of British ancestry living in India
Anglo-Irish Ireland a term used primarily in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a privileged social class in Ireland, whose members were the descendants and successors of the Protestant Ascendancy
Anglo-Norman United Kingdom mainly the descendants of the Normans who ruled England following the Norman conquest by William the Conqueror in 1066
Anglo-Saxon United Kingdom Historically, a collective name for the Germanic tribes resident Great Britain since the 5th century, especially prior to the Norman Conquest; Became the largest group to form the English people
Annamites or Vietnamese or Kinh or Jing Vietnam 77,000,000 Majority ethnic group of Vietnam
Ansar people or Ansarie Syria, Lebanon, Turkey 4,000,000
Anuak South Sudan, Ethiopia 350,000
Apaches United States (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma) 56,000 Native Americans
Apinaje Brazil Indigenous peoples of Brazil.
Appalachian Folk culture of the Southeastern United States.
Arab Arab League 280,000,000 originally from Arabia, now widespread throughout the Middle East and North Africa (see Arabization) and tens of millions of ethnic Arabs live worldwide in diaspora
Arab American United States 1,680,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Argentine Argentina ~130,000-350,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Australian Australia 360,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Brazilian Brazil 10,000,000-15,000,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Britons United Kingdom 500,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Bulgaria Bulgaria ~10,000-17,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Canadian Canada 470,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Chilean Chile 800,000 Arab diaspora
Arab residents in Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 100,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Ecuadorians Ecuador ~20,000 - 97,500 Arab diaspora
Arab Haitian Haiti 15,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in France France 2,500,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Germany Germany ~400,000-500,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Greece Greece 200,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Indonesians Indonesia 87,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Italy Italy 100,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Mexican Mexico 1,100,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Dutch Netherlands 418,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Pakistan Pakistan 10,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Peruvian Peru 10,000 Arab diaspora
Arab settlement in the Philippines Philippines ~22,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Singaporean Singapore 7,000 - 10,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Sri Lankans Sri Lanka ~200,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Sweden Sweden 10,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Turkey Turkey 800,000 Arab diaspora
Arab Venezuelan Venezuela 1,600,000 Arab diaspora
Arab diaspora in Colombia Colombia 84,000 Arab diaspora
Arabs in Afghanistan Afghanistan 10,000 Arab diaspora
Iranian Arabs Iran 1,557,000 Arab diaspora
Aramaeans Syria Aramaic speaking people in Syria
Araon China
Aragonese Spain 1,277,471 Inhabitants of Aragon (Iberian Peninsula). One of the nationalities of Spain. Ethnic Aragonese live primarily in Upper Aragon. There are also some Aragonese in the Spanish diaspora.
Arapaho United States (Colorado, Oklahoma, Wyoming, Nebraska) 5,000 Native American people, formerly inhabiting Colorado and Wyoming, now living in Oklahoma and Wyoming
Arawak Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, The Caribbean ~450,000 Indigenous peoples of the Caribbean
Arbëreshë Italy 260,000 an Albanian population in Italy
Archis Dagestan 1,200
Arikara United States (North Dakota) Native Americans
Armenians Armenia, Russia, Iran, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey 8,000,000 - 12,000,000 natives of Eastern Anatolia
Armenian American United States 474,559 United States citizens of Armenian ancestry
Aromanians Greece, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Serbia, Bulgaria 100,000 - 1,000,000
Arvanites Greece 50,000 - 200,000 an Albanian-speaking population in Greece
Ashkenazi Jews Israel A branch of the Jewish diaspora, stemming from the indigenous Hebrew speaking peoples of the Levant, who settled in Central and later Eastern Europe during the early Middle Ages.
Assyrian people Assyria 3,000,000 Indigenous Semites of Iraq, South East Turkey and North East Syria
Atoni East Timor 600,000
Aryans/Indo-Iranians descendants of the Aryans, the ancient inhabitants of the northern Indian subcontinent (excluding Southern India), Central Asia and the Iranian plateau.
Indo-Aryan peoples India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives 1,210,000,000
Iranian peoples Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Turkey, The Caucasus 160,000,000 - 190,000,000 (the name "Iran" means "Aryan" in Persian)
Asante (Ashanti) Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire ~10,000,000
Asheninka Peru, Brazil 25,000 - 45,000 Indigenous peoples of Peru
Asmat Indonesia (Papua Province) 70,000
Assiniboine Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan), United States (Montana) Native American people of the Sioux
Assyrians Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Sweden, United States, Jordan, Assyria 3,300,000 - 4,200,000
Asturians Spain 1,076,896
Atacameno Chile 2,000 Native Americans
Atta Philippines
Ati Philippines 2,000
Atikamekw Canada (Quebec) 4,500 Native Americans
Atsina United States (Montana) 3,682 Native American people inhabiting Montana and formerly Saskatchewan
Atsugewi United States (California) 850 Native Americans
Aukstaitians Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus ~300,000
Austrians Austria 10,000,000 a German-speaking, Germanic people, native to Austria and South Tyrol (today Italy)
Avars Dagestan 1,000,000
Awá Brazil 300 An endangered Amazonian tribe of hunter-gatherers.
Aymaras Bolivia, Peru, Chile ~2,000,000 indigenous ethnic group of Andes and Altiplano
Ayrums Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran
Azerbaijanis Azerbaijan, Turkey, Russia, Georgia, Iran 22,000,000 - 35,000,000 People of Turkic-Tatar ethnicity
Aztecs Mexico 1,500,000 Native North American people, descendants widespread in Mexico (see also Nahuatl)
Ayapaneco Mexico 2 Indigenous people of Mexico, currently only two persons of this community still speak the Ayapaneco language

Read more about this topic:  Lists Of Ethnic Groups, By Alphabet

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