List of Iced Earth Band Members - Members - Former

Former

Image Name Years active Instruments Release contributions
Bateman, RichardRichard Bateman 1985–1986 Bass None
Owen, BillBill Owen 1985–1987 Lead Guitar None
Seymour, GregGreg Seymour 1985–1989 Drums Enter the Realm
Adam, GeneGene Adam 1985–1991 Lead Vocals From Enter the Realm to Iced Earth .
Abell, DaveDave Abell 1987–1996 Bass From Enter the Realm to The Dark Saga .
Shawver, RandallRandall Shawver 1988–1998 Lead Guitar From Enter the Realm to The Dark Saga .
McGill, MikeMike McGill 1989–1991 Drums Iced Earth
Greely, JohnJohn Greely 1991–1992 Lead Vocals Night of the Stormrider
Secchiari, RickRick Secchiari 1991–1992 Drums Night of the Stormrider
Beasley, RodneyRodney Beasley 1992–1995 Drums Burnt Offerings
Barlow, MattMatt Barlow 1994–2003, 2007–2011 Lead Vocals From Burnt Offerings to Tribute to the Gods, then from I Walk Among You to Box of the Wicked .
Prator, MarkMark Prator 1995–1996, 1998 Drums The Dark Saga, then Something Wicked This Way Comes .
MacDonough, JamesJames MacDonough 1996–2000, 2001–2004 Bass From Something Wicked This Way Comes to Alive in Athens, then from The Reckoning to The Glorious Burden .
Tarnowski, LarryLarry Tarnowski 1998–2003 Lead Guitar From Something Wicked This Way Comes to Tribute to the Gods .
DiGiorgio, SteveSteve DiGiorgio 2000–2001 Bass Horror Show
Christy, RichardRichard Christy 2000–2004 Drums From Horror Show to The Glorious Burden .
Santolla, RalphRalph Santolla 2003–2004 Lead Guitar From The Reckoning to The Glorious Burden .
Owens, Tim "Ripper"Tim "Ripper" Owens 2003–2007 Lead Vocals From The Reckoning to Framing Armageddon .
Jarzombek, BobbyBobby Jarzombek 2004–2006 Drums None
Carletti, ErnieErnie Carletti 2006 Lead Guitar None
Wallace, James "Bo"James "Bo" Wallace 2006–2007 Bass None
Mills, TimTim Mills 2006–2007 Lead Guitar From Overture of the Wicked to Framing Armageddon .
Hayes, DennisDennis Hayes 2007 Bass From Framing Armageddon to The Crucible of Man .
Vidales, FreddieFreddie Vidales 2008–2012 Bass From "Dante's Inferno 2011" to Dystopia .
Smedley, BrentBrent Smedley 1996-1997, 1998-1999, 2006-2013 Drums Days of Purgatory, then from The Melancholy EP to Alive in Athens, then from Overture of the Wicked to Live in Ancient Kourion

Read more about this topic:  List Of Iced Earth Band Members, Members

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Former

A former is a structural member of an aircraft fuselage, of which a typical fuselage has a series from the nose to the empennage, typically perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft. The primary purpose of formers is to establish the shape of the fuselage and reduce the column length of stringers to prevent instability. Formers are typically attached to longerons, which support the skin of the aircraft.

The Former-and-Longeron technique was adopted from boat construction (also called stations and stringers), and was typical of light aircraft built until the advent of structural skins such as fiberglass and other composite materials. Many of today's light aircraft, and homebuilt aircraft in particular, are still designed in this way.

They are also found in the cores of potentiometers in which the resistive material is wrapped round.