|Image||Name||Years active||Instruments||Release contributions|
|Bateman, RichardRichard Bateman||1985–1986||Bass||None|
|Owen, BillBill Owen||1985–1987||Lead Guitar||None|
|Seymour, GregGreg Seymour||1985–1989||Drums||Enter the Realm|
|Adam, GeneGene Adam||1985–1991||Lead Vocals||From Enter the Realm to Iced Earth .|
|Abell, DaveDave Abell||1987–1996||Bass||From Enter the Realm to The Dark Saga .|
|Shawver, RandallRandall Shawver||1988–1998||Lead Guitar||From Enter the Realm to The Dark Saga .|
|McGill, MikeMike McGill||1989–1991||Drums||Iced Earth|
|Greely, JohnJohn Greely||1991–1992||Lead Vocals||Night of the Stormrider|
|Secchiari, RickRick Secchiari||1991–1992||Drums||Night of the Stormrider|
|Beasley, RodneyRodney Beasley||1992–1995||Drums||Burnt Offerings|
|Barlow, MattMatt Barlow||1994–2003, 2007–2011||Lead Vocals||From Burnt Offerings to Tribute to the Gods, then from I Walk Among You to Box of the Wicked .|
|Prator, MarkMark Prator||1995–1996, 1998||Drums||The Dark Saga, then Something Wicked This Way Comes .|
|MacDonough, JamesJames MacDonough||1996–2000, 2001–2004||Bass||From Something Wicked This Way Comes to Alive in Athens, then from The Reckoning to The Glorious Burden .|
|Tarnowski, LarryLarry Tarnowski||1998–2003||Lead Guitar||From Something Wicked This Way Comes to Tribute to the Gods .|
|DiGiorgio, SteveSteve DiGiorgio||2000–2001||Bass||Horror Show|
|Christy, RichardRichard Christy||2000–2004||Drums||From Horror Show to The Glorious Burden .|
|Santolla, RalphRalph Santolla||2003–2004||Lead Guitar||From The Reckoning to The Glorious Burden .|
|Owens, Tim "Ripper"Tim "Ripper" Owens||2003–2007||Lead Vocals||From The Reckoning to Framing Armageddon .|
|Jarzombek, BobbyBobby Jarzombek||2004–2006||Drums||None|
|Carletti, ErnieErnie Carletti||2006||Lead Guitar||None|
|Wallace, James "Bo"James "Bo" Wallace||2006–2007||Bass||None|
|Mills, TimTim Mills||2006–2007||Lead Guitar||From Overture of the Wicked to Framing Armageddon .|
|Hayes, DennisDennis Hayes||2007||Bass||From Framing Armageddon to The Crucible of Man .|
|Vidales, FreddieFreddie Vidales||2008–2012||Bass||From "Dante's Inferno 2011" to Dystopia .|
|Smedley, BrentBrent Smedley||1996-1997, 1998-1999, 2006-2013||Drums||Days of Purgatory, then from The Melancholy EP to Alive in Athens, then from Overture of the Wicked to Live in Ancient Kourion|
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A former is a structural member of an aircraft fuselage, of which a typical fuselage has a series from the nose to the empennage, typically perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft. The primary purpose of formers is to establish the shape of the fuselage and reduce the column length of stringers to prevent instability. Formers are typically attached to longerons, which support the skin of the aircraft.
The Former-and-Longeron technique was adopted from boat construction (also called stations and stringers), and was typical of light aircraft built until the advent of structural skins such as fiberglass and other composite materials. Many of today's light aircraft, and homebuilt aircraft in particular, are still designed in this way.
They are also found in the cores of potentiometers in which the resistive material is wrapped round.