List of Captive Orcas

This article gives a partial list of captive orcas, or killer whales, large predatory marine mammals that were first captured live and displayed in exhibitions in the 1960s, or were subsequently born in captivity. They soon became popular attractions at public aquariums and aquatic theme parks due to their intelligence, trainability, striking appearance, playfulness in captivity and sheer size. As of June 2013, 45 orcas are held captive at facilities in North and South America, Europe and Japan, providing entertainment for the theme park visitors.

The first North Eastern Pacific orca, Wanda, was captured in November 1961 by a collecting crew from Marineland of the Pacific, and over the next 15 years, around 60 or 70 Killer Whales were taken from Pacific waters for this purpose. When the US Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 effectively stopped the capture of Pacific orcas, most subsequent captures were made in Icelandic waters.

Later on, a growing number of orcas have been born in captivity. Kalina, born in September 1985, was the first captive-born orca calf to survive more than a few days. In September 2001, Kasatka gave birth to Nakai, the first orca conceived through artificial insemination, at SeaWorld San Diego. This technique lets park owner maintain a more healthy genetic mix in the small groups of orcas at each park, while avoiding the stress of moving orcas for breeding purposes.

Name Gender Origin Status Park
Adán m Captive born alive Loro Parque
Baby Shamu II f Captive born deceased SeaWorld San Diego
Corky II f North Eastern Pacific alive SeaWorld San Diego
Earth m Captive born alive Kamogawa Seaworld
Gudrun f Icelandic deceased Seaworld Orlando
Hoi Wai f Icelandic deceased Ocean Park Hong Kong
Hyak II m North Eastern Pacific deceased Vancouver Aquarium
Ikaika m Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
K1/Taku m North Eastern Pacific released, deceased n/a
Kalia f Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
Kalina f Captive born deceased SeaWorld Orlando
Kandu V f Icelandic deceased SeaWorld San Diego
Kanduke m North Eastern Pacific deceased SeaWorld Orlando
Kasatka f Icelandic alive SeaWorld San Diego
Katina f Icelandic alive SeaWorld Orlando
Kayla f Captive born alive SeaWorld Orlando
Keet m Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
Keiko m Icelandic released, deceased Reino Aventura
Kiska f Icelandic alive MarineLand
Kohana f Captive born alive Loro Parque
Lolita f North Eastern Pacific alive Miami Seaquarium
Lovey f Captive born alive Kamogawa Seaworld
Malia f Captive born alive SeaWorld Orlando
Makaio m Captive born alive SeaWorld Orlando
Makani m Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
Moana m Captive born alive Marineland Antibes
Moby Doll m North Eastern Pacific deceased Vancouver Aquarium
Nakai m Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
Nalani f Captive born alive SeaWorld Orlando
Namu m North Eastern Pacific deceased Seattle Marine Aquarium
Nepo m North Eastern Pacific deceased Marine World Africa USA
Nyar f Captive born deceased SeaWorld Orlando
Orkid f Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
Orky II m North Eastern Pacific deceased SeaWorld San Diego
Ramu III m North Eastern Pacific deceased SeaWorld San Diego
Sakari f Captive born alive SeaWorld San Antonio
Shamu f North Eastern Pacific deceased SeaWorld San Diego
Shouka f Captive born alive SeaWorld San Diego
Skana f North Eastern Pacific deceased Vancouver Aquarium
Spooky m Captive born deceased Marineland of the Pacific
Sumar m Captive born deceased SeaWorld San Diego
Taima f Captive born deceased SeaWorld Orlando
Taku m Captive born deceased SeaWorld San Antonio
Takara f Captive born alive SeaWorld San Antonio
Tilikum m Icelandic alive SeaWorld Orlando
Trua m Captive born alive SeaWorld Orlando
Ulises m Icelandic alive SeaWorld San Diego
Unna f Captive born alive SeaWorld San Antonio
Vigga f Icelandic deceased Marine World Africa USA
Wanda f North Eastern Pacific deceased Marineland of the Pacific
Yaka f North Eastern Pacific deceased Marine World Africa USA

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