Labeling Theory

Labeling theory is closely related to social-construction and symbolic-interaction analysis. Labeling theory was developed by sociologists during the 1960s. Howard Saul Becker's book Outsiders was extremely influential in the development of this theory and its rise to popularity. Labeling theory holds that deviance is not inherent to an act, but instead focuses on the tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from standard cultural norms. The theory is concerned with how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. It is associated with the concepts of self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping. The theory was prominent during the 1960s and 1970s, and some modified versions of the theory have developed and are still currently popular. Unwanted descriptors or categorizations - including terms related to deviance, disability or diagnosis of a mental disorder - may be rejected on the basis that they are merely "labels", often with attempts to adopt a more constructive language in its place. A stigma is defined as a powerfully negative label that changes a person's self-concept and social identity.

Read more about Labeling TheoryTheoretical Basis, The "criminal", The "mentally Ill", The "homosexual", Modified Labeling Theory, Hard and Soft Labeling

Other articles related to "labeling theory, labeling, theory":

Labeling Theory - Hard and Soft Labeling
... Hard labeling – People who believe in hard labeling believe that mental illness does not exist ... Soft labeling – People who believe in soft labeling believe that mental illnesses do, in fact, exist ... Unlike the supporters of hard labeling, soft labeling supporters believe that mental illnesses are not socially constructed ...
Deviance (sociology) - Theories - Symbolic Interaction - Labeling Theory
... Becker created and developed the labelling theory, which is a core facet of symbolic interactionism, and often referred to as Tannenbaum's "dramatization of evil ... a negative way and the selection of people into these categories " Labeling theory, consequently, suggests that deviance is caused by the deviant's being labeled as ... the deviance before it ever occurs by not labeling them) ...
Discrimination - Theories - Labeling Theory
... Discrimination, in labeling theory, takes form as mental categorization of minorities and the use of stereotype ... This theory describes difference as deviance from the norm, which results in internal devaluation and social stigma that may be seen as discrimination ...

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