Hungarian Noun Phrase - Positional Suffixes

Positional Suffixes

Hungarian follows a strict logic for suffixes relating to position. The position can be "in", "on" or "by". The direction can be static (no movement), movement towards or movement away. Combining these gives 9 different options.

Interior Surface Adjacency
Static position -ban/-ben
in
lakásban
in the flat/apartment
-on/-en/-ön/-n
on
lakáson
on the flat/apartment
-nál/-nél
by, at
lakásnál
by/at the flat/apartment
Movement towards -ba/-be
into
lakásba
into the flat/apartment
-ra/-re
onto
lakásra
onto the flat/apartment
-hoz/-hez/-höz
to
lakáshoz
to the flat/apartment
Movement away -ból/-ből
out of
lakásból
out of the flat/apartment
-ról/-ről
off
lakásról
off the flat/apartment
-tól/-től
from
lakástól
from the flat/apartment

Note 1: -nál/-nél is also used with the meaning "at the home of" (cf. French chez, German bei).

Note 2: -ban/-ben is usually pronounced in the spoken informal speech without the final n, thus coinciding with the into-forms.

Read more about this topic:  Hungarian Noun Phrase

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