Harkin-Engel Protocol

The Harkin-Engel Protocol, sometimes referred to as the Cocoa Protocol, is an international agreement aimed at ending the worst forms of child labor (according to the International Labor Organization's Convention 182) and forced labor (according to ILO Convention 29) in the production of cocoa, the main ingredient in chocolate. The protocol was negotiated by Senator Tom Harkin and Representative Eliot Engel in response to a documentary and multiple articles in 2000 and 2001 reporting widespread child slavery and child trafficking in the production of cocoa. The protocol was signed in September 2001. Joint Statements in 2001, 2005 and 2008 and a Joint Declaration in 2010 extended the commitment to address the problem. As of 2012, it is unclear if the protocol reduced child labor in the production of cocoa, though the cocoa industry claims five of the six articles have been addressed and the final one is being actively pursued.

Read more about Harkin-Engel ProtocolBackground, Protocol and 2001 Joint Statement, 2005 Progress and Joint Statement, 2008 Progress and Joint Statement, 2010 Joint Declaration and Framework of Action, 2011 Status Update, Criticism

Other articles related to "protocol":

Harkin-Engel Protocol - Criticism
... groups focusing on child labor issues in the US and worldwide, criticized the protocol for only addressing Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana ... It suggested extending the protocol to the whole world, because exploitative practices were also reported in the cocoa industries in Brazil and Indonesia ... In 2011, ten years after implementation, it was unclear if the protocol had any effect in reducing child labor ...
Children In Cocoa Production - Harkin-Engel Protocol
... the chocolate manufactures agreed with the Congressmen to create the Harkin-Engel Protocol to remove child slavery from the industry by July 2005 ... agreed to a three-year extension of the Protocol ... extension allowed the cocoa industry more time to implement the Protocol including creating a certification system to address the worst forms of child labor for half of the growing areas in Côte ...