HANDEL was the code-name for the UK's National Attack Warning System in the Cold War. It consisted of a small console consisting of two microphones, lights and gauges. The reason behind this was to provide a back-up if anything failed.

If an enemy air strike was detected, a key on the left hand side of the console would be turned and two lights would come on. Then the operator would press & hold down a red button and give the message:

Attack warning RED! Attack warning RED!

The message would be sent to the police by the telephone carrier wave frequencies used for the speaking clock, who would in turn activate the air attack sirens using the local telephone lines. The rationale was to kill two birds with one stone, as it reduced running costs (it would most likely be used only once in its working life, though it was regularly tested) and the telephone lines were under constant test by sharing with a public service. That means a fault could be detected in time to give a warning.

Message How it's received Action to be taken Notes
Attack warning Warbling note followed by message: "Attack warning RED!" This would be followed by a control signal, activating the powered ones. Sound warning by activating sirens, the attack warning will be a rising and falling note. Attack warning will be broadcast on all television and radio stations.
Fall out warning High pitched pip signal followed by a spoken message. For example: "Fallout warning BLACK, London!" Fire warning maroon (firework) three times. Though in some areas, it can be three gongs or whistles creating one long note followed by two short notes forming the morse note "D-". Fall out warning will be broadcast on the radio.
Fall out expected within the hour High pitched pip signal followed by spoken message. For example: "Fallout warning GREY, Canterbury!" Sound siren producing one long note but interrupted in short succession. Can also be given by church bells or word of mouth from the police and civil defence wardens Fell out of use by the late 1960s
All clear High pitched pip signal followed by a spoken message: "Attack message WHITE!" A steady control tone will activate the powered ones. Sound siren giving a steady note Further warnings may be broadcast on radio, along with information on aid for survivors and morale boosting broadcasts (There was also a "confidence tone" that demonstrated the system was working and told you to stand by for a warning at anytime).

A HANDEL Warning console can be seen at the Imperial War Museum in London among their cold war exhibits, alongside the warning apparatus used by Kent Police (which was located at Maidstone police station to activate the sirens).

Other articles related to "handel":

List Of Operas By Handel - Overview
... Handel's earlier operas tended to be of a lighter nature, although there are intermittent moments, such as the prison scene from Almira (1705), which are highly dramatic ... Handel's music for his first operas in England was often derived from musical ideas and idioms found in his cantatas and other works written during his ... In general, the orchestrations of Handel's earlier operas tended to be richer and smoother than in his later works, utilizing additional instruments like bassoons to achieve different ...
Handel, Saskatchewan - Demographics
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Handel's Coronation Anthems
... content of British coronations, the texts for all four anthems were picked by Handel—a personal selection from the most accessible account of an earlier ... His first commission from Handel as a newly-naturalised British subject was to write the music for the coronation of George II of England and Queen Caroline which took place on 11 October the same year ... in concerts and festivals even during Handel's own lifetime ...
Sarabande And Chaconne From Handel's Almira (Liszt)
... of the Sarabande and Chaconne from Handel's opera Almira for piano solo (S.181) in 1879 for his English piano student Walter Bache to play at a Handel festival ... Liszt's decision to set Handel was probably due at least in part to please British audiences, for whom Handel was still the preeminent national composer and before whom Bache would likely appear ... matter was surprising, not only by being Handel instead of Bach but also from being taken from a Handel opera which was virtually ignored at the time ...
Lascia Ch'io Pianga
... Lascia ch'io pianga is a soprano aria by composer George Frideric Handel which has become a popular concert piece ... As an aria the piece was first used in Handel's 1707 oratorio Il trionfo del Tempo e del Disinganno albeit with a different text and name, "Lascia la spina" ... Handel later recycled the work for his 1711 opera Rinaldo, giving the aria to the character Almirena (portrayed by soprano Isabella Girardeau in the opera's premiere) in Act II ...

Famous quotes containing the word handel:

    Herein is the explanation of the analogies, which exist in all the arts. They are the re-appearance of one mind, working in many materials to many temporary ends. Raphael paints wisdom, Handel sings it, Phidias carves it, Shakspeare writes it, Wren builds it, Columbus sails it, Luther preaches it, Washington arms it, Watt mechanizes it. Painting was called “silent poetry,” and poetry “speaking painting.” The laws of each art are convertible into the laws of every other.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)