Ludwig van Beethoven (i/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbeɪ.toʊvən/; ; baptized 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets. He also composed other chamber music, choral works (including the celebrated Missa Solemnis), and songs.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and Christian Gottlob Neefe. During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and befriended Joseph Haydn. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Haydn, quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. During the late 18th century, his hearing began to deteriorate significantly, yet he continued to compose, conduct, and perform after becoming completely deaf.

Read more about BeethovenCharacter, Music, Beethoven On Screen, Memorials

Other articles related to "beethoven":

Sonatina In G Major (Beethoven)
... in G major (Anh.5, no.2) is a piece of music attributed to Ludwig van Beethoven ... Since the work was published in Hamburg, Germany after Beethoven's death, its authenticity is doubted, as it uses styles never seen by Beethoven before ...
Life Of Franz Liszt - Early Life
... Nikolaus II Esterházy and knew Joseph Haydn, Johann Nepomuk Hummel and Ludwig van Beethoven personally ... the complete works of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Clementi, Hummel, Cramer, and further composers besides ... Liszt received piano lessons from Carl Czerny, who in his own youth had been Beethoven's student ...
List Of New York City Ballet Repertory - B
3 Bayou A Beethoven pas de deux Beethoven Romance Beethoven Seventh Behind the China Dogs Bet Ann's Dance Les Biches Black and White The Bounding Line Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme ...
Beethoven - Memorials
... The Beethoven Monument, Bonn, was unveiled in August 1845, in honour of his 75th anniversary ... Vienna did not honour Beethoven with a statue until 1880 ... There is a museum, the 'Beethoven Haus', the place of his birth, in central Bonn ...
Cello Sonatas Nos. 4 And 5 (Beethoven) - History
... The sonatas were composed between the end of 1812 and 1817, during which time Beethoven, ailing and overcome by all sorts of difficulties ... (with the immediately preceding piano sonata Op 101) the start of Beethoven’s `third period’ ... critics of the time, often perplexed by Beethoven’s last compositions, described the sonatas in terms such as the following from the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung They elicit the most ...

Famous quotes containing the word beethoven:

    Must it be? It must be.
    [Muss es sein? Es muss sein.]
    —Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770–1827)

    No one should drive a hard bargain with an artist.
    —Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770–1827)

    Mozart has the classic purity of light and the blue ocean; Beethoven the romantic grandeur which belongs to the storms of air and sea, and while the soul of Mozart seems to dwell on the ethereal peaks of Olympus, that of Beethoven climbs shuddering the storm-beaten sides of a Sinai. Blessed be they both! Each represents a moment of the ideal life, each does us good. Our love is due to both.
    Henri-Frédéric Amiel (1821–1881)