Glycine

Glycine (abbreviated as Gly or G) is an organic compound with the formula NH2CH2COOH. Having a hydrogen substituent as its side-chain, glycine is the smallest of the 20 amino acids commonly found in proteins. Its codons are GGU, GGC, GGA, GGG cf. the genetic code.

Glycine is a colourless, sweet-tasting crystalline solid. It is unique among the proteinogenic amino acids in that it is not chiral. It can fit into hydrophilic or hydrophobic environments, due to its minimal side chain of only one hydrogen atom.

Read more about GlycineProduction and Key Properties, Biosynthesis, Degradation, Physiological Function, Commercial Uses, Presence in Space

Other articles related to "glycine":

Threonine Aldolase
... catalyzes the chemical reaction L-threonine glycine + acetaldehyde Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-threonine, and two products, glycine and acetaldehyde ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-threonine acetaldehyde-lyase (glycine-forming) ... This enzyme participates in glycine, serine and threonine metabolism ...
Glycine Cleavage System - Clinical Significance
... Glycine encephalopathy, also known as non-ketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH), is a primary disorder of the glycine cleavage system, resulting from lowered ... The disease was first clinically linked to the glycine cleavage system in 1969 ... Early studied showed high levels of glycine in blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid ...
Glycine Cleavage System
... The glycine cleavage system is also known as the glycine decarboxylase complex or GCS ... are triggered in response to high concentrations of the amino acid glycine ... of enzymes is sometimes referred to as glycine synthase when it runs in the reverse direction to form glycine ...
Serine-glyoxylate Transaminase
... is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-serine + glyoxylate 3-hydroxypyruvate + glycine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-serine and glyoxylate, whereas its two ... This enzyme participates in glycine, serine and threonine metabolism ...
Glycine - Presence in Space
... The detection of glycine in the interstellar medium has been debated ... In 2008, the glycine-like molecule aminoacetonitrile was discovered in the Large Molecule Heimat, a giant gas cloud near the galactic center in the constellation ... In 2009, glycine sampled in 2004 from comet Wild 2 by the NASA spacecraft Stardust was confirmed, the first discovery of extraterrestrial glycine ...