Frieze

In architecture the frieze ( /ˈfriːz/) is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain in the Ionic or Doric order, or decorated with bas-reliefs. Even when neither columns nor pilasters are expressed, on an astylar wall it lies upon the architrave ('main beam') and is capped by the moldings of the cornice. A frieze can be found on many Greek and Roman buildings, the Parthenon Frieze being the most famous, and perhaps the most elaborate.

In interiors, the frieze of a room is the section of wall above the picture rail and under the crown moldings or cornice. By extension, a frieze is a long stretch of painted, sculpted or even calligraphic decoration in such a position, normally above eye-level. Frieze decorations may depict scenes in a sequence of discrete panels. The material of which the frieze is made of may be plasterwork, carved wood or other decorative medium.

In an example of an architectural frieze on the façade of a building, the octagonal Tower of the Winds in the Roman agora at Athens bears relief sculptures of the eight winds on its frieze.

A pulvinated frieze (or pulvino) is convex in section. Such friezes were features of 17th-century Northern Mannerism, especially in subsidiary friezes, and much employed in interior architecture and in furniture.

The concept of a frieze has been generalised in the mathematical construction of frieze patterns.

Other articles related to "frieze":

Cancelleria Reliefs - History
... The two panels, commonly referred to as Frieze A and Frieze B, were found incomplete ... Frieze A survived relatively intact, but misses a part of the left end, making it difficult to assess the exact length of the original work ... Frieze B contains various broken panels, and is thought to have spanned a width of nearly 597 cm ...
Soldiers And Sailors Memorial Arch
... and composed of two medieval towers joined by a classical frieze ... The north frieze, by Samuel James Kitson, tells the story of war, with on the right, a figure of General Ulysses S ... The south frieze, by Caspar Buberl, tells the story of peace, with a central female allegorical figure representing the City of Hartford, surrounded by her citizens welcoming soldiers home ...
Bassae Frieze
... The Bassae Frieze is the high relief marble sculpture in 23 panels, 31m long by 0.63m high, made to decorate the interior of the cella of the Temple of Apollo ... temple including the metopes of an external Doric frieze and an over-life-size statue ... The find spots of the internal Ionic frieze blocks were not recorded by the early archaeologists, so work on recreating the sequence of the frieze has been based on the internal evidence of the ...
Bassae Frieze - History
... of the day no record was kept of the findspots of the frieze, and only sketchy details that parts of the frieze were found on the temple floor inside the cella by Brondsted ... explored in 1812 by British antiquaries who removed the twenty-three slabs of the Ionic cella frieze and transported them to Zante along with other sculptures ... The frieze was bought at auction by the British Museum in 1815 ...

Famous quotes containing the word frieze:

    And the serial continues:
    Pain, expiation, delight, more pain,
    A frieze that lengthens continually, in the lucky way
    Friezes do, and no plot is produced,
    Nothing you could hang an identifying question on.
    John Ashbery (b. 1927)