Forts of Sri Lanka

Forts and fortifications in Sri Lanka date back thousands of years with many being built by Sri Lankan Kings, these include several walled cities. With the out set of colonial rule in the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka was occupied by several major colonial empires that from time-to-time became the dominant power in the Indian ocean. The colonists built several western styled forts, mostly in and round the cost of the island. The first to build colonial forts in Sri Lanka were the Portuguese, these forts were captured and later expanded by the Dutch. The British occupied these Dutch forts during the Napoleonic wars.

Most of colonial forts were garrisoned up until the early 20th century. The coastal forts had coastal artillery manned by the Ceylon Garrison Artillery during the two world wars. Most of these were abandoned by the military, but retained civil administrative officers, while others retained military garrisons, which were more administrative than operational. Some were reoccupied by military units with the escalation of the Sri Lankan Civil War, Jaffna fort for example came under siege several times.

Other articles related to "forts of sri lanka, fort, forts":

Forts Of Sri Lanka - Colonial Forts - British Forts
... Fort Macdowall Fort Macdowall was built by the British in the town of Matale in 1803 as an out post during the Kandian Wars ... The fort was named after General Macdowall, who led the experdition to the Kingdom of Kandy, it is one of the few forts build inland ... In 1848 during the Matale Rebellion the fort came under siege of the rebels ...

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    Charge once more, then, and be dumb!
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    Matthew Arnold (1822–1888)

    Charge once more, then, and be dumb!
    Let the victors, when they come,
    When the forts of folly fall,
    Find thy body by the wall!
    Matthew Arnold (1822–1888)