Fife (; Scottish Gaelic: Fìobha) is a council area and former county of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. It was once one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland.

It is a lieutenancy area, and was a county of Scotland until 1975. It was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire in old documents and maps compiled by English cartographers and authors. A person from Fife is known as a Fifer.

Fife was a local government region divided into three districts: Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy and North-East Fife. Since 1996 the functions of the district councils have been exercised by the unitary Fife Council.

Fife is Scotland's third largest local authority area by population. It has a resident population of just under 360,000, almost a third of whom live in the three principal towns of Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy and Glenrothes. Kirkcaldy is Fife's largest town by population (48,108 in 2006), followed by Dunfermline (45,462 in 2006) and then Glenrothes (38,927 in 2006).

The historic town of St Andrews is located on the northeast coast of Fife. It is well known for one of the most ancient universities in the World and is renowned as the home of golf.

Read more about Fife:  History, Governance, Geography, Towns and Villages, Towns and Villages, Culture, Culture, Notable Fifers, Notable Fifers, Sports, Sports, Media, Media

Other articles related to "fife, fifes":

Surprise Lake (Washington)
... of Milton, near the slightly larger city of Fife, about 7 miles (11 km) from Tacoma ... Middle School (SLMS) which is part of the Fife Schools system ... The other Fife schools that converse with SLMS are Discovery Primary School (grades Pre-K - 1st) Alice V ...
Scouting In Scotland - The Scout Association in Scotland - East Scotland Region
... the four previous Scout Areas of Dundee, Fife, Perth and Kinross, and Angus ... The 2nd Fife (Dunfermline) Scout Group was founded in 1908 and is the oldest existing Scout Group in Fife and one of the oldest in Scotland ... It also owns one of the most-used Scouting campsites in Fife, Nineacres ...
Middlesex County 4-H Fife And Drum - History of Fifes and Drums
... As with other modern fife and drum groups, the Middlesex County 4-H Fife Drum Corps perpetuates the centuries-old tradition of fife and drum music ... to Switzerland in the 13th century, the military's use of fifes and drums as a means of communication spread to other European countries, finding its way to America as ... Assigned at the company level with 1-2 fifes and 1-2 drums per company (or formed as a band at the regimental level), fifes and drums were used to regulate ...

Famous quotes containing the word fife:

    When we are in health, all sounds fife and drum for us; we hear the notes of music in the air, or catch its echoes dying away when we awake in the dawn.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    ‘Oh beat the drum slowly and play the fife lowly,
    Play the Dead March as you carry me along;
    Take me to the green valley, there lay the sod o’er me,
    For I’m a young cowboy and I know I’ve done wrong.
    —Unknown. As I Walked Out in the Streets of Laredo (l. 5–8)