African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans, and formerly as American Negroes) are citizens or residents of the United States who have total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa. The term is not usually used for black residents of other countries in the Americas.
African Americans make up the single largest racial minority in the United States. Most African Americans are of West and Central African descent and are descendants of enslaved blacks within the boundaries of the present United States. However, some immigrants from African, Caribbean, Central American and South American nations, and their descendants, may be identified or self-identify with the term.
African-American history starts in the 16th century with black Africans forcibly taken to Spanish and English colonies in America as slaves. After the United States came into being, black people continued to be enslaved and treated as much inferior. These circumstances were changed by Reconstruction, development of the black community, participation in the great military conflicts of the United States, racial segregation, and the Civil Rights Movement. In 2008, Barack Obama was the first African-American to be elected president of the United States. The geographical-origin-based term "African American" is commonly used interchangeably with "black American", although skin-color-based terms are sometimes considered disparaging.
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... Juneteenth, Yulee Railroad Days, and African American Music Month ... environmental health impacts within the African American community ... The CCMCC is a sustainable rehabilitation project of a former African American music hall located in East Gainesville, FL ...
... black people, but remained in use by many older black Americans who had grown up with the term, particularly in the southern U.S ...
... Brown and Palmer Memorial Institute to the larger themes of African American women, education, and social history, with an emphasis on the ... Charlotte Hawkins Brown, the Institute and African American education in North Carolina ...
... African American topics History Atlantic slave trade Maafa Slavery in the United States African-American military history Jim Crow laws Great Migration Redlining ... SWAC) Ethnic subdivisions Black Indians Gullah Igbo Languages English American English African American Vernacular English Gullah Louisiana Creole French ... Jones joined the Peace Corps and became one of the first African Americans to serve in Turkey ...
... notable for contributions to the development of educational programs for African-American students in the late 19th and early to mid-20th century ... many years and contributions to the development of educational programs for African-American students during the days of segregated schools in Virginia ... developed the first in-service training program for African American teachers and worked on improving the curriculum of the schools ...
Famous quotes by african american:
“I think its unfair for people to try to make successful blacks feel guilty for not feeling guilty.... Were unique in that were not supposed to enjoy the things weve worked so hard for.”
—Patricia Grayson, African American administrator. As quoted in Time magazine, p. 59 (March 13, 1989)
“The confirmation of Clarence Thomas, one of the most conservative voices to be added to the [Supreme] Court in recent memory, carries a sobering message for the African- American community.... As he begins to make his mark upon the lives of African Americans, we must acknowledge that his successful nomination is due in no small measure to the support he received from black Americans.”
—Kimberly Crenshaw (b. 1959)
“I never feel so conscious of my race as I do when I stand before a class of twenty-five young men and women eager to learn about what it is to be black in America.”
—Claire Oberon Garcia, African American college professor. As quoted in the Chronicle of Higher Education, p. B3 (July 27, 1994)