Essex ( /ˈɛsɨks/) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is one of the home counties located northeast of the city of London. It borders the counties of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent and the estuary of the River Thames to the south and London to the southwest. Essex County Council is the principal local authority for much of the county, sharing functions with twelve district and borough councils. The county town is Chelmsford. Essex is also a region at the second level for statistical purposes. It is the southernmost of three constituent parts of the East of England - a first level region. The Essex region and ceremonial county comprises three areas of local government: the two-tiered non-metropolitan county of Essex and the unitary authority areas of Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea.

The historic county can be considered the oldest as Wessex and Mercia were replaced for administration since before the Norman period and a vestige of the term Northumbria exists in Northumberland, Essex occupies the eastern portion of the pre-England Kingdom of Essex. Large swathes of the county which are closer to London are part of the Metropolitan Green Belt, which prohibits urban development in its green spaces. It is the location of the regionally significant Lakeside Shopping Centre and London Stansted Airport; and the new towns of Basildon and Harlow.

Read more about Essex:  History, Geography, Economy, Politics, Transport, Education, Culture, Landmarks, Places of Interest, Notable Persons, Sister Counties and Regions

Other articles related to "essex":

Warley, Essex
... Warley OS grid reference TQ592923 District Brentwood Shire county Essex Region East Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town BRENTWOOD Postcode district ...
Essex, San Bernardino County, California - Today
... With an estimated population of just 89 people in 2005 (down from 111 in 2000), Essex is on the verge of becoming one of many ghost towns scattered ... Essex Elementary school (founded 1937), which once served the educational needs of both Essex and its neighbor Goffs, has closed ... with today's technological capabilities, Essex lacks many comforts of modern day life, and were unable to receive television service until the end of 1977 ...
Lord Chamberlain's Men - Controversies
... as a result of their tangental involvement in the February 1601 insurrection of the Earl of Essex ... Some of Essex's supporters had commissioned a special performance of Shakespeare's Richard II in the hope that the spectacle of that king's overthrow ... alone had performed the play on 7 February, the day before Essex's uprising ...
Ivor Crewe
... He was previously Vice-Chancellor of the University of Essex and Professor in the Department of Government ... at the Department of Government at the University of Essex in 1971 ... At Essex Crewe was Director of the ESRC Data Archive from 1974 to 1982, Co-Director of the British Election Study from 1973 to 1981 ...
River Roding
... The River Roding is a river in England that rises near Dunmow, flows through Essex and forms Barking Creek as it reaches the River Thames in London ... The river leaves Dunmow and passes through a group of villages in Essex known collectively as the Rodings, as they all end with the suffix 'Roding' ... Meadows make up the largest surviving area of traditionally managed river-valley habitat in Essex ...

Famous quotes containing the word essex:

    Well, it seems to me a scientist has need for both vision and confidence.
    —Harry Essex (b. 1910)

    The unknown always seems unbelievable, Lucas.
    —Harry Essex (b. 1910)