Doppler Cooling

Doppler cooling is a mechanism that can be used to trap and cool atoms. The term is sometimes used synonymously with laser cooling, though laser cooling includes other techniques.

Read more about Doppler Cooling:  History, Brief Explanation, Detailed Explanation, Configurations, Applications, Further Reading

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Magneto-optical Trap - Doppler Cooling
... known as red detuning), laser light is only absorbed if the light is frequency up-shifted by the Doppler effect which occurs whenever the atom is moving ... For cooling to occur along in all directions, the atom must see this friction force along all 3 cartesian axis this is most easily achieved by illuminating the atom with 3 orthogonal laser ...

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