Defamation

Defamation—also called calumny, vilification, traducement, slander (for transitory statements), and libel (for written, broadcast, or otherwise published words)—is the communication of a statement that makes a claim, expressly stated or implied to be factual, that may give an individual, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation a negative or inferior image. This can be also any disparaging statement made by one person about another, which is communicated or published, whether true or false, depending on legal state. In Common Law it is usually a requirement that this claim be false and that the publication is communicated to someone other than the person defamed (the claimant).

In common law jurisdictions, slander refers to a malicious, false, and defamatory spoken statement or report, while libel refers to any other form of communication such as written words or images. Most jurisdictions allow legal actions, civil and/or criminal, to deter various kinds of defamation and retaliate against groundless criticism. Related to defamation is public disclosure of private facts, which arises where one person reveals information that is not of public concern, and the release of which would offend a reasonable person. "Unlike libel, truth is not a defense for invasion of privacy."

False light laws are "intended primarily to protect the plaintiff's mental or emotional well-being." If a publication of information is false, then a tort of defamation might have occurred. If that communication is not technically false but is still misleading, then a tort of false light might have occurred.

In some civil law jurisdictions, defamation is dealt with as a crime rather than a civil wrong (termed a public-law delict in civil-law systems). The United Nations Commission on Human Rights ruled in 2012 that the criminalization of libel violates Freedom of expression and is inconsistent with Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

A person who harms another's reputation may be referred to as a "famacide", "defamer", or "slanderer". The Latin phrase famosus libellus means a libelous writing.

Read more about DefamationCriminal Defamation, History, Defences, Freedom of Speech, Related Torts

Other articles related to "defamation":

Law On The Freedom Of The Press Of 29 July 1881 - Key Principles - Defamation
... Defamation of private citizens was treated far less seriously than that of injuring public officials defaming a man in his public capacity could be punished by a year's imprisonment and a fine of 3,000 ...
law" class="article_title_2">Cyber Defamation Law
... Cyber defamation is not a specific criminal offense, misdemeanor or tort, but rather any of these conducted via digital media, usually through the Internet ... Stopping or addressing defamation can be difficult ... The cyber defamation law that the Korean government pursues allows police to crack down on hateful comments without any reports from victims ...
L. Lin Wood - Biography - Defamation and Libel Lawsuits
... Wood's first libel and defamation client was Richard Jewell, the security guard falsely accused in the Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta in 1996 ... and Patsy Ramsey, the parents of JonBenét Ramsey, had several defamation lawsuits ensued since JonBenét's murder ... attorney for John and Patsy Ramsey and their son Burke, and has prosecuted defamation claims on their behalf against St ...
Defamation - Related Torts
... these comes under the general heading of "defamation" ... Other increasingly common claims similar to defamation in U.S ...
Section 230 Of The Communications Decency Act - Legislation in Other Countries - Australia
... Under the Defamation Act 2005 (NSW), s 32, a defence to defamation is that the defendant neither knew, nor ought reasonably to have known of the defamation, and the lack of ...