Damascus (Arabic: دمشق‎ / ALA-LC: Dimashq, Dimisheʼ ), commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎, ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎ / Madīnat al-Yāsmīn), is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo. It's bordering Quneitra, Daraa and As-Suwayda to the south, Jordan to the east, Homs to the north, Lebanon to the west. It is also the capital city of one of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 (2009 est.).

Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate due to the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.

First settled in the 2nd millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries. Damascus was chosen as the 2008 Arab Capital of Culture.

In the second decade of the 21st century, Damascus was damaged from the ongoing Syrian civil war.

Read more about Damascus:  Etymology, History, Geography, Economy, Demographics, Historical Sites, Education, Transportation, Culture, Sports and Leisure, Nearby Attractions, Twin Towns and Sister Cities, Gallery

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Saint Paul - Conversion and Mission - Damascus Road Experience
... It took place on the road to Damascus where he reported to have experienced a vision of the resurrected Jesus ... From that experience he was blinded for three days and had to be led into Damascus by the hand ... His sight was restored by Ananias of Damascus ...
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Damascus, Ohio
... Damascus is a census-designated place (CDP) in southwestern Goshen Township in Mahoning County and northwestern Butler Township in Columbiana County in the U.S ... The Mahoning County portion of Damascus is part of the Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Columbiana County portion is part of the East Liverpool–Salem ...
... on the eastern slopes of the Anti-Lebanon mountains about 12 kilometers west of Damascus, in the Rif Dimashq Governorate and has an altitude of about 1090 meters ... is situated on the ancient route between Damascus and Lebanon and has long been famous for its khans and rest-stops ... The battle was a decisive French victory, which enabled them to march to Damascus and start dividing and colonizing Syria ...