The correspondence theory of truth states that the truth or falsity of a statement is determined only by how it relates to the world and whether it accurately describes (i.e., corresponds with) that world. The theory is opposed to the coherence theory of truth which holds that the truth or falsity of a statement is determined by its relations to other statements rather than its relation to the world.
Correspondence theories claim that true beliefs and true statements correspond to the actual state of affairs. This type of theory attempts to posit a relationship between thoughts or statements on one hand, and things or facts on the other. It is a traditional model which goes back at least to some of the classical Greek philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. This class of theories holds that the truth or the falsity of a representation is determined solely by how it relates to a reality; that is, by whether it accurately describes that reality. As Aristotle claims in his Metaphysics: "To say that that which is, is not or that which is not is, is a falsehood; and to say that that which is, is and that which is not is not, is true".
Other articles related to "correspondence theory of truth, theory, truth, correspondence":
... Either the defender of the correspondence theory of truth offers some accompanying theory of the world, or he or she does not ... If no theory of the world is offered, the argument is so vague as to be useless or even unintelligible truth would then be supposed to be correspondence to some undefined, unknown or ineffable world ... It is difficult to see how a candidate truth could be more certain than the world we are to judge its degree of correspondence against ...