Copy-number variations (CNVs)—a form of structural variation—are alterations of the DNA of a genome that results in the cell having an abnormal number of copies of one or more sections of the DNA. CNVs correspond to relatively large regions of the genome that have been deleted (fewer than the normal number) or duplicated (more than the normal number) on certain chromosomes. For example, the chromosome that normally has sections in order as
A-B-C-D might instead have sections
A-B-C-C-D (a duplication of "C") or
A-B-D (a deletion of "C").
This variation accounts for roughly 12% of human genomic DNA and each variation may range from about one kilobase (1,000 nucleotide bases) to several megabases in size. CNVs contrast with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which affect only one single nucleotide base.
Other articles related to "variation":
... Like other types of genetic variation, some CNVs have been associated with susceptibility or resistance to disease ... Copy number variation has also been associated with autism, schizophrenia, and idiopathic learning disability ...