Classical Ways of Thinking and Doing
Similarly, many ways of thinking or doing are thought of as classical. In general, these are ways which have been superseded but which are still appreciated by some, often for their relative simplicity. For example:
- Classical physics, the study of physics based on principles developed before the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics
- Classical mechanics is Newtonian physics. It is describes the motion of macroscopic objects.
- Classical electrodynamics, as formalized by Maxwell in the 19th century.
- Classical thermodynamics, a branch of physics developed in the early 19th century. It was superseded by statistical thermodynamics in the late 19th century and hence became classical before the rest of physics.
- Semiclassical physics, an approximation that combines aspects of classical physics with quantum mechanics.
- Classical logic, a class of formal logics that have been most intensively studied and most widely used.
- Classical mathematics, mathematics constructed and proved on the basis of classical logic and set theory. It is the mainstream way of looking at mathematics for academic pure mathematicians.
- Classical control theory applies control theory to analogue systems. Based on methods such as Laplace transforms and calculus. It is contrasted to modern control theory, which deals with digital control systems with methods such as the z transform.
- Classical economics is the school of economics developed by Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Thomas Malthus in the late 18th and early 19th century.
- Neoclassical economics refers to the further development of classical economics from around 1870.
- Classical general equilibrium model, a model developed as part of neoclassical economics.
- Neoclassical synthesis, a movement in economics after the second world war. It sought to combine neoclassical economics with Keynsianism. It dominates mainstream economics to this day.
- Classical liberalism is the strain of thought coming from the fusion of economic liberalism with political liberalism of the late 18th and 19th centuries
- Classical conditioning is also known as Pavlovian conditioning.
- A classical guitar is a common type of acoustic guitar. It is not directly related to classical music.
- Classical dance, in a Western context, normally means ballet
- Classical ballet is the most formal of the ballet styles.
- Classical Indian dance is a relatively new umbrella term for various codified art forms whose theory can be traced back to 400 BC.
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Famous quotes containing the words thinking, classical and/or ways:
“I cannot walk through the suburbs in the solitude of the night without thinking that the night pleases us because it suppresses idle details, just as our memory does.”
—Jorge Luis Borges (18991986)
“Several classical sayings that one likes to repeat had quite a different meaning from the ones later times attributed to them.”
—Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (17491832)
“One seeks to equip the child with deeper, more gripping, and subtler ways of knowing the world and himself.”
—Jerome S. Bruner (20th century)