Broadly, a citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source). More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression (e.g. ) embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not). References to single, machine-readable assertions in electronic scientific articles are known as nanopublications, a form of microattribution.

Citation has several important purposes: to uphold intellectual honesty, to attribute prior or unoriginal work and ideas to the correct sources, to allow the reader to determine independently whether the referenced material supports the author's argument in the claimed way, and to help the reader gauge the strength and validity of the material the author has used.

The forms of citations generally subscribe to one of the generally accepted citations systems, such as the Oxford, Harvard, MLA, American Sociological Association (ASA), American Psychological Association (APA), and other citations systems, as their syntactic conventions are widely known and easily interpreted by readers. Each of these citation systems has its respective advantages and disadvantages relative to the trade-offs of being informative (but not too disruptive) and thus are chosen relative to the needs of the type of publication being crafted. Editors will often specify the citation system to use.

Bibliographies, and other list-like compilations of references, are generally not considered citations because they do not fulfil the true spirit of the term: deliberate acknowledgement by other authors of the priority of one's ideas.

Read more about Citation:  Concepts, Citation Content, Citation Styles, Citation Marks, Issues

Other articles related to "citation, citations":

Charles Dawson Booker - Citation
... On 26 April 1917, he went to the assistance of some of our photographic machines, which were about to be attacked by twelve Albatross scouts ... One of-these he fired on at close range, and brought it down out of control ...
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... Member Society Links 2002 Aboulnasr, TyseerTyseer Aboulnasr CSEM EIC Citation 2009 Adams, Barry JamesBarry James Adams CSCE EIC Citation 1990 Adams ... Grant Allen CSChE EIC Citation 1980 Allen, DonaldDonald Allen 2010 Allen, MichaelMichael Allen CSCE EIC Citation 1987 Allison, RussellRussell Allison 2008 Amon ... Carswell 2010 Castle, PeterPeter Castle IEEE EIC Citation 1978 Cater, GeorgeGeorge Cater 1973 Chamberlain, RossRoss Chamberlain 2009 Chamberlain, Savvas Savvas Chamberlain IEEE EIC Citation 1974 Chambers, Harold A.Haro ...
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... consists of the following aircraft (as of January 2009) Cessna Citation CJ1 Cessna Citation CJ2+ Cessna Citation CJ2+ Cessna Citation CJ3 Cessna Citation Excel Cessna Citation XLS 2 Embraer Legacy ...
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Citation - Issues
... Dimitrova have found that citations to online sources have a rate of decay (as cited pages are taken down), which they call a "half-life," that renders footnotes in those journals less useful for ... published replications do not have as many citations as original publications ... Another important issue is citation errors, which often occur due to carelessness on either the researcher or journal editor's part in the publication procedure ...