High Speed 1 (HS1), officially known as the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) and originally as the Union Railway or Continental Main Line (CML), is a 108-kilometre (67 mi) high-speed railway from London through Kent to the UK end of the Channel Tunnel.
The line was built to carry international passenger traffic from the United Kingdom to Continental Europe; additionally it carries domestic passenger traffic to and from towns and cities in Kent, and has the potential to carry Berne gauge freight traffic. The line, crossing over the River Medway and underneath the River Thames to London St Pancras railway station, opened in full on 14 November 2007. It allows speeds of 230 to 300 kilometres per hour (143 to 186 mph) and cost £5.8 billion to build. There are intermediate stations at Stratford International, Ebbsfleet International and Ashford International.
International passenger services are currently provided by Eurostar, with journey times of London St Pancras to Paris Gare du Nord in 2 hours 15 minutes, and St Pancras to Brussels-South in 1 hour 51 minutes, using a fleet of 27 Class 373/1 multi-system trains capable of 300 kilometres per hour (186 mph). Other, competing, passenger operators are expected to use the line in future.
Domestic high-speed commuter services serving the intermediate stations and beyond began on 13 December 2009. The fleet of 29 Class 395 passenger trains are permitted to reach speeds of 225 kilometres per hour (140 mph).
Following trials of a modified Class 92 locomotive hauling a loaded container train in July 2011, DB Schenker is running regular intermodal freight services on High Speed 1, enabling flat wagons carrying continental-size swap body containers to reach London for the first time.
The CTRL project was one of the United Kingdom's largest civil engineering projects, encompassing many new bridges and tunnels with a combined length nearly as long as the Channel Tunnel itself. During construction of the CTRL, significant archaeological research was undertaken. In 2002, the CTRL project was awarded the "Major Project Award" at the British Construction Industry Awards. The CTRL has seen periods of financial difficulty, and the line was transferred to government ownership in 2009, with a 30-year concession for its operation being put up for sale in June 2010. The concession was awarded to a consortium of Borealis Infrastructure (part of Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System) and Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan in November 2010, but does not include the freehold or rights to any of the associated land.
Other articles related to "tunnel, channel tunnel, channel tunnel rail link, rail, channel, tunnels":
... Clayton Tunnel rail crash - 1861 - confusion about block signals Balvano train disaster - 1944 - 1996 Channel Tunnel fire - 1996 ...
... announced they were in talks to establish a frequent local rail service between the regional stations along the route ... Olympics but is supported on both sides of the channel to bring in more commuters ...
... In some downtown tunnels, cartoons depicting an advertiser's product were inscribed on the walls of the tunnel at the level of the cars' windows ... Today known as "tunnel movies" or "tunnel advertising", they have been installed in many cities' subways around the world in recent years, for example in the Southgate tube station in London, the MBTA Red ...
... With deaths occurring at such a high rate, the tunnel took on another use, and when patients died, the bodies were placed on the cart and lowered to the bottom where a hearse would be waiting to take them away ...
1945, 70 prisoners escaped from Island Farm through a tunnel dug from Hut Nine (the only hut now left standing) ... The tunnel was about 70 feet (21 m) long and breached the perimeter fence ... Excavating the tunnels was not easy because of the heavy clay soil upon which the camp was built ...
Famous quotes containing the words link, rail, channel and/or tunnel:
“John Brown and Giuseppe Garibaldi were contemporaries not solely in the matter of time; their endeavors as liberators link their names where other likeness is absent; and the peaks of their careers were reached almost simultaneously: the Harpers Ferry Raid occurred in 1859, the raid on Sicily in the following year. Both events, however differing in character, were equally quixotic.”
—John Cournos (18811956)
“For this is the mark of a wise and upright man, not to rail against the gods in misfortune.”
—Aeschylus (525456 B.C.)
“Wherever there is a channel for water, there is a road for the canoe.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“You may raise enough money to tunnel a mountain, but you cannot raise money enough to hire a man who is minding his own business.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)