The breakup of Yugoslavia (the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, also known as "SFR Yugoslavia" or "SFRY") occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s.
The area occupied by the SFR Yugoslavia – a strip of land stretching from Central Europe, along the East coast of the Adtiatic Sea (from the Bay of Trieste to the Gates of Otran) into the inland of Carpats Mountains thus taking the most of East Balkans – lies in a region with a history of ethnic conflict. The country was a conglomeration of six regional republics and two autonomous provinces roughly divided on ethnic lines and split up in the 1990s into several independent countries. These eight federal units were the six republics Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia and two autonomous regions within Serbia, Vojvodina and Kosovo. In 2008 Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia.
With Bosnia's demographic structure comprising a near evenly-mixed population of Serbs and Croats – and with ideas on independence resting on ethnicity more than politics – the ownership of large areas of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia remained in dispute, causing the Yugoslav Wars.
Other articles related to "breakup of yugoslavia, breakup of, yugoslavia, of yugoslavia":
... With breakup of Socialist Yugoslavia, the remaining Yugoslav People's Army was transformed by 1992 into Military of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ...
... to be the final blow to the pan-Yugoslav Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ... On 28 April 1992, the Serb-dominated Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was formed as a rump state, consisting only of the former Socialist Republics of Serbia and Montenegro ... The stance of the international community was that Yugoslavia had dissolved into its separate states ...
... With the rise of nationalism and end of Communism in Yugoslavia in 1989-90, Mikelić found himself in a republic, Croatia, caught between two rival ... supported the preservation of federal Yugoslavia and Croatia as an equal republic of that federation, with the Serbs as a constituent nation as they were until July 1990, opposing both demands for confederalisation ... The Socialist Party in January 1991 joined the League of Communists - Movement for Yugoslavia, but its influence in Croatia was not great ...
Famous quotes containing the word yugoslavia:
“International relations is security, its trade relations, its power games. Its not good-and-bad. But what I saw in Yugoslavia was pure evil. Not ethnic hatredthats only like a label. I really had a feeling there that I am observing unleashed human evil ...”
—Natasha Dudinska (b. c. 1967)