A bog is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, Sphagnum moss. It is one of the four main types of wetlands. Other names for bogs include mire, quagmire and muskeg. Frequently, as the illustration on the right shows, they are covered in Ericaceous shrubs rooted in the Sphagnum moss and peat. The gradual accumulation of decayed plant material in a bog functions as a carbon sink.

Bogs occur where the water at the ground surface is acidic and low in nutrients. In some cases, the water is derived entirely from precipitation, in which case they are termed ombrotrophic (rain-fed). Water flowing out of bogs has a characteristic brown colour, which comes from dissolved peat tannins. In general the low fertility and cool climate results in relatively slow plant growth, but decay is even slower owing to the saturated soil. Hence peat accumulates. Large areas of landscape can be covered many meters deep in peat. Bogs have a distinctive group of plant and animal species, and are of high importance for biodiversity, particularly in landscapes that are otherwise settled and farmed.

Read more about BogDistribution and Extent, Bog Habitats, Types of Bog, Archaeology

Other articles related to "bog":

Bóg, Honor, Ojczyzna
... The phrase originated around 16th or 17th century in Poland, and is commonly associated with Polish patriotism ... It appeared on Polish military standards in the Second Polish Republic in 1919 and is the most common phrase on currently issued military standards in Poland ...
Sifton Bog
... The Sifton Bog is a wetland jointly administered by the city of London, Ontario and the Upper Thames River Conservation Authority ... Prior to 1967 the wetland was called "Byron Bog", having been at that time within the boundaries of the village of Byron, but it was renamed following ... series of name changes before this time also, being variously named Foster's Bog and Redmond's Bog in the 1880s, after the occupants of the land at that time, and Spruce ...
List Of National Natural Landmarks In Maine
... are 15 National Natural Landmarks in Maine Name Image Date Location County Description Appleton Bog Atlantic White Cedar Stand 01984-01-011984 Kennebec A large ... Carrying Place Cove Bog 01980-01-011980 Washington A tombolo that has been eroded by the sea ... Colby-Marston Preserve 01973-01-011973 Kennebec Northern sphagnum bog located in a deep kettle hole, the sphagnum mat exceeds a depth of 40 feet (12 m) ...
Stidsholt - How To Use This List
... category which may also be used to show alternate spellings for names of the bog body ... The location category shows the city or state in which the bog body was discovered although some bog bodies are discovered on borders between countries ... meaning that there is little or no sufficient information published about the bog body ...
Lycaena Epixanthe
... The Bog Copper or Cranberry-Bog Copper (Lycaena epixanthe (=Epidemia epixanthe)) is a North American butterfly in the family Lycaenidae ... Because of this, Bog Coppers will spend their entire lives within the area of a single acid bog ... Even though their flight is weak and close to the ground, Bog Coppers are hard to catch because of the habitat in which they live ...

Famous quotes containing the word bog:

    Our Bog is dood, our Bog is dood,
    They lisped in accents mild,
    But when I asked them to explain
    They grew a little wild.
    Stevie Smith (1902–1971)