Birmingham - Demography

Demography

Birmingham is the most populous British city outside London, with 1,073,000 residents (2011 census), an increase of 96,000 over the previous decade. The West Midlands Urban Area has a population of 2,284,093 (2001 Census); and Birmingham's metropolitan area, which is also the United Kingdom's second most populous, has a population of 3,683,000. At the time of the 2001 UK Census, Birmingham's population was 977,087, having fallen since reaching a peak of 1,112,685 in the 1951 Census.

The population density is 9,451 inhabitants per square mile (3,649/km²) compared to the 976.9 inhabitants per square mile (377.2/km²) for England. Females represented 51.6% of the population whilst men represented 48.4%. More women were 70 or over. 60.4% of the population was aged between 16 and 74, compared to 66.7% in England as a whole.

The ONS estimates that, in 2009, 63.3% of the population was White British, 2.1% White Irish, 2.6% Other White, 19.7% Asian, 6.6% Black, 1.1% Chinese, 3.1% of mixed race and 1.5% of other ethnic heritage. 57% of primary and 52% of secondary pupils are from non-white British families. 16.5% of the population was born outside the United Kingdom.

60.3% of households were found to be owner occupied and 27.7% were rented from either the city council, housing association or other registered social landlord. The remaining 11.8% of households were rented privately or lived rent free.

The Birmingham Larger Urban Zone, a Eurostat measure of the functional city-region approximated to local government districts, has a population of 2,357,100 in 2004. In addition to Birmingham itself, the LUZ includes the Metropolitan Boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull and Walsall, along with the districts of Lichfield, Tamworth, North Warwickshire and Bromsgrove.

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