Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain.

Russell led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 20th century. He is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege and his protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. He is widely held to be one of the 20th century's premier logicians. He co-authored, with A. N. Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, an attempt to ground mathematics on logic. His philosophical essay "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy." His work has had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics, computer science (see type theory and type system), and philosophy, especially philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics.

Russell was a prominent anti-war activist; he championed anti-imperialism and went to prison for his pacifism during World War I. Later, he campaigned against Adolf Hitler, then criticised Stalinist totalitarianism, attacked the United States of America's involvement in the Vietnam War, and was an outspoken proponent of nuclear disarmament. In 1950 Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought."

Read more about Bertrand RussellViews, Selected Bibliography

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... A selected bibliography of Russell's books in English, sorted by year of first publication 1896 ... of Industrial Civilization, in collaboration with Dora Russell ... Selected Papers of Bertrand Russell ...
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... This is a selected bibliography of Russell's books in English sorted by year of first publication. 1923, The Prospects of Industrial Civilization (in collaboration with Dora Russell), London George Allen Unwin. 1927, Selected Papers of Bertrand Russell, New York Modern Library ...

Famous quotes containing the word russell:

    There is no good in arguing with the inevitable. The only argument available with an east wind is to put on your overcoat.
    —James Russell Lowell (1819–1891)