Asteraceae - Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Compositae were first described in 1792 by the German botanist Paul Dietrich Giseke. Traditionally two subfamilies were recognised: Asteroideae (or Tubuliflorae) and Cichorioideae (or Liguliflorae). The latter has been shown to be extensively paraphyletic, and has now been divided into 11 subfamilies, but the former still stands. The phylogenetic tree presented below is based on Panero & Funk (2002). The diamond denotes a very poorly supported node (<50% bootstrap support), the dot a poorly supported node (<80%).



Barnadesioideae: 9 genera, 93 species. South America, mainly the Andes.




Stifftioideae: South America and Asia.



Mutisioideae: 58 genera, 750 species. South America.



Wunderlichioideae: 8 genera, 24 species, mostly in Venezuela and Guyana




Gochnatioideae: 4 or 5 genera, 90 species.




Hecastocleidoideae: Only Hecastocleis shockleyi. Southwestern United States.




Carduoideae: 83 genera, 2,500 species. Worldwide.




Pertyoideae: 5 or 6 genera, 70 species.




Gymnarrhenoideae: Only Gymnarrhena micrantha. Northern Africa.



Cichorioideae: 224 genera, 3,200 species. Worldwide.




Corymbioideae: Only the genus Corymbium, with 9 species.



Asteroideae: 1,130 genera and 16,200 species. Worldwide.














It is noteworthy that the four subfamilies Asteroideae, Cichorioideae, Carduoideae and Mutisioideae contain 99% of the species diversity of the whole family (approximately 70%, 14%, 11% and 3% respectively).

Because of the morphological complexity exhibited by this family, agreeing on generic circumscriptions has often been difficult for taxonomists. As a result, several of these genera have required multiple revisions.

Read more about this topic:  Asteraceae

Other articles related to "taxonomy":

Taxonomy - Non-biological Taxonomies
... in a hierarchy that more or less satisfy the criteria for being a true taxonomy ... Taxonomy, or categorization, in the human cognition has been a major area of research in psychology ... Baraminology is a taxonomy used in creation science which in classifying form taxa resembles folk taxonomies ...
Trachodon - History and Taxonomy
... With better remains from Hadrosaurus, he began to reconsider his taxonomy, and suggested, at least informally, that Trachodon should refer to the double-rooted tooth ... In the Bone Wars that followed, and their wake, the taxonomy of Trachodon and its relatives became increasingly confusing, with one author going so far as to sink all known ...