Anarchism is generally defined as a political philosophy which holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary, or harmful, or, alternatively, as opposing authority or hierarchical organization in the conduct of human relations. Proponents of anarchism, known as "anarchists", advocate stateless societies based on voluntary associations.

There are many types and traditions of anarchism, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications. Anarchism is often considered a radical left-wing ideology, and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflect anti-statist interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, or participatory economics. However, anarchism has always included an individualist strain, egoist strain, and free market strain. Some individualist anarchists are also socialists or communists while some anarcho-communists are also individualists.

Anarchism as a mass social movement has regularly endured fluctuations in popularity. The central tendency of anarchism as a social movement has been represented by anarcho-communism and anarcho-syndicalism, with individualist anarchism being primarily a literary phenomenon which nevertheless did have an impact on the bigger currents and individualists have also participated in large anarchist organizations. Most anarchists oppose all forms of aggression, supporting self-defense or non-violence (anarcho-pacifism), while others have supported the use of some coercive measures, including violent revolution and propaganda of the deed, on the path to an anarchist society.

Read more about Anarchism:  Etymology and Terminology, Anarchist Schools of Thought, Internal Issues and Debates, Topics of Interest, Criticisms

Other articles related to "anarchism":

Lewis Call - Thought
... For more details on this topic, see Post-anarchism ... From here a radical form of anarchism is made possible the anarchism of becoming ... This anarchism does not have an eventual goal, nor flow into "being", it is not a final state of development, nor a static form of society, but rather becomes permanent, as a means ...
Anarchism - Criticisms
... Main article Criticisms of anarchism Criticisms of anarchism include moral criticisms and pragmatic criticisms ...
Lewis Call
... He is best known for his 2002 book Postmodern Anarchism, which develops an account of postmodern anarchism through philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche and cyberpunk writers such ... has written extensively on the intersection of post-anarchism and science fiction, covering philosophers and authors such as Gilles Deleuze, Jean Baudrillard, Octavia Butler, Samuel R ...
Contemporary Anarchism
... Anarchism is often defined as a political philosophy which holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary, or harmful ... However, others argue that while anti-statism is central, it is inadequate to define anarchism solely on this basis ... Therefore, they argue instead that anarchism entails opposing authority or hierarchical organization in the conduct of human relations, including, but not limited to, the state system ...
Listen, Anarchist!
... political struggle, condemning the vanguardist "urban guerillas" of insurrectionary anarchism ... account of "marginalised" anarchists, Bufe criticises the anti-work tendency in contemporary anarchism, accusing some of its advocates of being parasites of those who do work ... Biehl proposes that many of the tendencies within anarchism that Bufe criticises stem from its individualist wing, inspired by the philosophy of Max Stirner, which she ...

Famous quotes containing the word anarchism:

    Anarchism is the only philosophy which brings to man the consciousness of himself; which maintains that God, the State, and society are non-existent, that their promises are null and void, since they can be fulfilled only through man’s subordination. Anarchism is therefore the teacher of the unity of life; not merely in nature, but in man.
    Emma Goldman (1869–1940)