Ammonium Nitrate

The chemical compound ammonium nitrate, the nitrate of ammonia with the chemical formula NH4NO3, is a white crystalline solid at room temperature and standard pressure. It is commonly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer, and it has also been used as an oxidizing agent in explosives, including improvised explosive devices. It is the main component of ANFO, a popular explosive. It is used in instant cold packs, as hydrating the salt is an endothermic process.

Read more about Ammonium NitrateFertilizer, Safety, Handling and Storage, Production, Reactions, Crystalline Phases, Health Hazards, Disasters

Other articles related to "ammonium nitrate, ammonium":

Ammonium Nitrate Disasters
... Ammonium nitrate decomposes into gases including oxygen when heated (non-explosive reaction) however, ammonium nitrate can be induced to decompose explosively by ... from a fire that spreads into the ammonium nitrate (AN) itself (Texas City, Brest, Oakdale), or to a mixture of an ammonium nitrate with a combustible material during the fire (Repauno, Cherokee) ... Ammonium nitrate decomposes in temperatures above 210 °C ...
Ammonium Nitrate - Disasters
... Ammonium nitrate decomposes into the gases nitrous oxide and water vapor when heated (non-explosive reaction) however, ammonium nitrate can be induced to decompose explosively by detonation ... In the second case, the explosion results from a fire that spreads into the ammonium nitrate itself (Texas City, Brest, Oakdale), or from a mixture of ammonium nitrate with a combustible material during the fire (Repa ... Ammonium-nitrate-based explosives were used in the Oklahoma City bombing and in the 2011 Delhi bombing and the bombing in Oslo 2011 ...
Barrack Buster - Provisional IRA's Improvised Mortars
... mixture of rags and sodium chlorate and detonated by a charge of ammonium nitrate ... The bomb was filled with 1 pound (0.45 kg) of ammonium nitrate and aluminium powder ... Three such mortars using a mixture of ammonium nitrate and nitrobenzene—known as "Annie"—as warhead were used on 7 February 1991 in an IRA attack on 10 Downing ...
Ammonium Nitrate Disasters - Texas City, United States, 1947
... loaded on April 16, 1947 when a fire was detected in the hold at this point, 2600 tonnes of ammonium nitrate in sacks were already aboard ... was moored 250 metres away and which contained 1050 tonnes of sulfur and 960 tons of ammonium nitrate. 500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate on the quayside also burned, but without exploding, probably because it was less tightly packed ...
Cyclone Hamish - Impact - Oil Spill
... the MV Pacific Adventurer was carrying 60 containers of ammonium nitrate when it encountered rough seas produced by Hamish, while located about 13 km (8 mi) east of ... An estimated 620 tonnes of ammonium nitrate and 250 tonnes of fuel spilled out of the ship ... Although ammonium nitrate is not harmful to the environment, the high concentration was proposed to have the capability of suffocating marine life in the area ...