Affirmative Action

Affirmative action, known as positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, refers to policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origin" into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group "in areas of employment, education, and business", usually justified as countering the effects of a history of discrimination.

Read more about Affirmative Action:  Origins, Purpose, Quotas, International Policies, National Approaches, Alternative Views, Debate, Mismatching

Other articles related to "affirmative action":

Affirmative Action In The United States - Arguments Against Affirmative Action - Class Inequality
... The controversy surrounding affirmative action’s effectiveness is based on the idea of class inequality ... Opponents of racial affirmative action argue that the program actually benefits middle- and upper-class African Americans and Hispanic Americans at the expense of lower-class ... This argument supports the idea of solely class-based affirmative action ...
Boyce F. Martin, Jr. - Selected Opinions - Affirmative Action
... Martin authored the affirmative action case Grutter v ... Bollinger, which challenged the University of Michigan’s undergraduate affirmative action plan, eventually were appealed to the United States Supreme ... Court affirmed Grutter and the Law School’s affirmative action plan, while reversing Gratz and finding the undergraduate plan unconstitutional ...
Affirmative Action - Mismatching
... Mismatching is the term given to the negative effect that affirmative action has when it places a student into a college that is too difficult for him or her ... For example, according to the theory, in the absence of affirmative action, a student will be admitted to a college that matches his or her academic ability and have a good chance of ... However, according to the mismatching theory, affirmative action often places a student into a college that is too difficult, and this increases the student's chance of dropping out ...
Symbolic Racism - Evidence
... Opposition to preferential Affirmative Action programs (those that assign a larger weight to demographic and give preference to target group members) was ... likely he was to construe an undefined Affirmative Action program (e ... as violating the merit principle and, in turn, oppose the undefined Affirmative Action program ...
Citizens' Commission On Civil Rights - Affirmative Action
... Congress, have recognized the compelling need to use affirmative action programs to remedy longstanding problems of discrimination ... The Clinton Administration sought to "mend, not end" affirmative action programs following adverse Supreme Court decisions ... opportunities, and has defeated attempts to stop affirmative action programs in other areas ...

Famous quotes related to affirmative action:

    Some rough political choices lie ahead. Should affirmative action be retained? Should preference be given to people on the basis of income rather than race? Should the system be—and can it be—scrapped altogether?
    David K. Shipler (b. 1942)

    Affirmative action was never meant to be permanent, and now is truly the time to move on to some other approach.
    Susan Estrich (b. 1952)