Research and experimental development is formal work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications (OECD (2002) Frascati Manual: proposed standard practice for surveys on research and experimental development, 6th edition.) It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences.
There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, etc.
Read more about Research: Forms of Research, Etymology, Definitions, Steps in Conducting Research, Scientific Research, Historical Method, Research Methods, Publishing, Research Funding, Original Research, Artistic Research
Other articles related to "research":
... between conservative and liberal brain Following the Second World War, psychologists conducted research into the different motives and tendencies that account for ... grounds, but some of its findings have been confirmed by further empirical research ... A meta-analysis of research literature by Jost, Glaser, Kruglanski, and Sulloway in 2003 found that many factors, such as intolerance of ambiguity and need for ...
... Their use in stem cell research, reproductive cloning, and germline engineering are currently being explored ... The morality of this type of research is debated because an embryo is often used ...
... graduate student in the 1930s Seaborg performed wet chemistry research for his advisor Gilbert Newton Lewis and published three papers with him on the theory of acids and bases ... had a major impact on his developing interests as a research scientist ... For several years, Seaborg conducted important research in artificial radioactivity using the Lawrence cyclotron at UC Berkeley ...
... becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines ... One of the characteristics of artistic research is that it must accept subjectivity as opposed to the classical scientific methods ... As such, it is similar to the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis ...
Famous quotes containing the word research:
“The research on gender and morality shows that women and men looked at the world through very different moral frameworks. Men tend to think in terms of justice or absolute right and wrong, while women define morality through the filter of how relationships will be affected. Given these basic differences, why would men and women suddenly agree about disciplining children?”
—Ron Taffel (20th century)
“The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is What does a woman want? [Was will das Weib?]”
—Sigmund Freud (18561939)
“If politics is the art of the possible, research is surely the art of the soluble. Both are immensely practical-minded affairs.”
—Peter B. Medawar (19151987)