Absorption Refrigerator

An absorption refrigerator is a refrigerator that uses a heat source (e.g., solar, kerosene-fueled flame, waste heat from factories or district heating systems) to provide the energy needed to drive the cooling system. Absorption refrigerators are a popular alternative to regular compressor refrigerators where electricity is unreliable, costly, or unavailable, where noise from the compressor is problematic, or where surplus heat is available (e.g., from turbine exhausts or industrial processes, or from solar plants).

For example, absorption refrigerators powered by heat from the combustion of liquefied petroleum gas are often used for food storage in recreational vehicles. Absorptive refrigeration can also be used to air-condition buildings using the waste heat from a gas turbine or water heater. This use is very efficient, since the gas turbine produces electricity, hot water and air-conditioning (called trigeneration).

Both absorption and compressor refrigerators use a refrigerant with a very low boiling point (less than 0 °F/−18 °C). In both types, when this refrigerant evaporates (boils), it takes some heat away with it, providing the cooling effect. The main difference between the two types is the way the refrigerant is changed from a gas back into a liquid so that the cycle can repeat. An absorption refrigerator changes the gas back into a liquid using a different method that needs only heat, and has no moving parts. The other difference between the two types is the refrigerant used. Compressor refrigerators typically use an HCFC or HFC, while absorption refrigerators typically use ammonia or water.

The standard for the absorption refrigerator is given by the ANSI/AHRI standard 560-2000.

Read more about Absorption RefrigeratorPrinciples, Simple Salt and Water System, Water Spray Absorption Refrigeration, Single Pressure Absorption Refrigeration, History

Other articles related to "absorption refrigerator, absorption, refrigerators, refrigerator":

Absorption Refrigerator - History
... Absorption cooling was invented by the French scientist Ferdinand Carré in 1858 ... In the 60s the absorption refrigeration saw a renaissance due to the substantial demand for refrigerators for caravans ... The company marketed refrigerators for caravans under the Dometic brand ...
Recreational Vehicle - Terms
... basic camping needs (low voltage lights, water pump, control portion of refrigerator, etc.) A means of recharging the house battery(s), such as solar panels or ... used to run air conditioners, televisions and stereo systems, microwave ovens, electrical refrigerators, electric space heaters and electric water heaters ... space heaters, water heaters and refrigerator/freezers cannot be powered by an inverter as the house battery(s) do not have enough watt-hours and would be run down quickly ...

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