6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom)
The 6th Airborne Division, was an airborne forces division of the British Army. It was formed in 1943, and despite its name, was only the second of two airborne division's raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The division's first mission was, Operation Tonga in June 1944, part of the Normandy landings, where it was responsible for securing the left flank of the Allied invasion Operation Overlord. The division remained in Normandy for three months before being withdrawn in September. While still recruiting and reforming in England, it was mobilised again and sent to Belgium in December 1944, to help counter, the surprise German offensive in the Ardennes, the Battle of the Bulge. Their final airborne mission was followed in March 1945, Operation Varsity, the second Allied airborne assault over the River Rhine.
After the war the division was identified as the Imperial Strategic Reserve, and moved to the Middle East. Initially sent to Palestine for parachute training, the division became involved in an internal security role. In Palestine, the division went through several changes in formation, and had been reduced in size to only two parachute brigades by the time it was disbanded in 1948.
Other related articles:
... Commanders Major-General Richard Gale 1943 1944)Major General Eric Bols 1944 1946)Major-General James Cassels 1946 1947)Major-General Hugh Stockwell 1947 1948)Units assigned 1st Parachute Brigade ...
Famous quotes containing the word division:
“Major [William] McKinley visited me. He is on a stumping tour.... I criticized the bloody-shirt course of the canvass. It seems to me to be bad politics, and of no use.... It is a stale issue. An increasing number of people are interested in good relations with the South.... Two ways are open to succeed in the South: 1. A division of the white voters. 2. Education of the ignorant. Bloody-shirt utterances prevent division.”
—Rutherford Birchard Hayes (18221893)