Political Crisis in Scotland
When Wallace was growing up, King Alexander III ruled Scotland. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stability. In 1286, however, Alexander died after falling from his horse.
The heir to the throne was Alexander's granddaughter, Margaret, Maid of Norway. As she was still a child and in Norway, the Scottish lords set up a government of guardians. Margaret fell ill on the voyage to Scotland and died in Orkney. The lack of a clear heir led to a period known as the 'Great Cause', with several families laying claim to the throne.
With Scotland threatening to descend into civil war, King Edward was invited in by the Scottish nobility to arbitrate. Before the process could begin, he insisted that all of the contenders recognise him as Lord Paramount of Scotland. In early November 1292, at a great feudal court held in the castle at Berwick-upon-Tweed, judgement was given in favour of John Balliol having the strongest claim in law.
Edward proceeded to reverse the rulings of the Scottish Lords and even summoned King John Balliol to stand before the English court as a common plaintiff. John was a weak king, known as "Toom Tabard" or "Empty Coat". John renounced his homage in March 1296 and by the end of the month Edward stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then-Scottish border town. In April, the Scots were defeated at the Battle of Dunbar in East Lothian and by July, Edward had forced John to abdicate. Edward then instructed his officers to receive formal homage from some 1,800 Scottish nobles (many of the rest being prisoners of war at that time).
Read more about this topic: William Wallace
Other articles related to "crisis, political crisis, political":
... those in the Blüdhaven Strike Force in Final Crisis #4 sent by Checkmate ... Vostok is seen under Darkseid's control in Final Crisis Resist ...
... Kaufmann discusses Sartre, Jaspers, Heidegger, Kierkegaard" "Kierkegaard and the Crisis in Religion" Part 1 of 3 Lectures "Nietzsche and the Crisis in Philosophy" Part 2 of 3 Lectures "Sartre and the Crisis in ...
... on the book was adapted from Aquaman #37 (February 2006) Day of Vengeance Infinite Crisis Special (March 2006) Gotham Central # 38 (February 2006) JLA #119 (November ... and February 2006) GraphicAudio produced an audiobook of the novelization of Infinite Crisis ...
... Born out of political crisis and as a political affront to the British, it seemed for a while, Jamia would not survive the heat of the intense political struggle for the ... Jamia saw itself in a great crisis ...
Famous quotes containing the words scotland, political and/or crisis:
“The second sight possessed by the Highlanders in Scotland is actually a foreknowledge of future events. I believe they possess this gift because they dont wear trousers.”
—G.C. (Georg Christoph)
“The only phenomenon with which writing has always been concomitant is the creation of cities and empires, that is the integration of large numbers of individuals into a political system, and their grading into castes or classes.... It seems to have favored the exploitation of human beings rather than their enlightenment.”
—Claude Lévi-Strauss (b. 1908)
“... whats been building since the 1980s is a new kind of social Darwinism that blames poverty and crime and the crisis of our youth on a breakdown of the family. Thats what will last after this flurry on family values.”
—Stephanie Coontz (b. 1944)