What is rammed earth?

Rammed Earth

Rammed earth, also known as taipa (Portuguese), tapial (Spanish), and pisé (de terre) (French), is a technique for building walls using the raw materials of earth, chalk, lime and gravel. It is an ancient building method that has seen a revival in recent years as people seek more sustainable building materials and natural building methods. Rammed-earth walls are simple to construct, noncombustible, thermally massive, strong, and durable. They can be labour-intensive to construct without machinery (powered tampers), however, and they are susceptible to water damage if inadequately protected or maintained. Rammed-earth buildings are found on every continent except Antarctica, in a range of environments that includes the temperate and wet regions of northern Europe, semiarid deserts, mountain areas and the tropics. The availability of useful soil and a building design appropriate for local climatic conditions are the factors that favour its use.

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Some articles on rammed earth:

Science And Technology Of The Han Dynasty - Structural Engineering and Public Works - Materials and Construction
... What remains of Han-dynasty architecture are ruins of brick and rammed earth walls (including aboveground city walls and underground tomb walls), rammed earth platforms for terraced ... Sections of the Han-era rammed earth Great Wall still exist in Gansu province, along with the Han frontier ruins of thirty beacon towers and two fortified castles with crenellations ... with stamped clay bricks instead of rammed earth ...
Architecture Of Africa
... One finds structures in thatch, stick/wood, mud, mudbrick, rammed earth, and stone, with a preference for materials by region North Africa for stone and rammed earth, West Africa for mud/adobe, Central Africa thatch ... A wall in North Africa might be built of stone or rammed earth, in West Africa mud/mudbrick, in Central Africa wood, Southern Africa wood or stone, and East Africa all ...
Church Of The Holy Cross (Stateburg, South Carolina)
... Sumter, a resident of Stateburg, and its walls were constructed of rammed earth ... Anderson had built his own house of rammed earth on the plantation ... With its additional rammed earth outbuildings, the plantation complex is also a National Historic Landmark ...
Rammed Earth - History
... Evidence of the early use of rammed earth has been seen in Neolithic archaeological sites of the Yangshao and Longshan cultures along the Yellow River in China, dating back to 5000 BCE ... By 2000 BCE rammed-earth architectural techniques (hangtu 夯土) were commonly used for walls and foundations in China ... In the 1800s rammed earth was popularized in the United States through the book Rural Economy by S.W ...
Cook Stove - Improved Stoves and Other Measures - Lorena Adobe Stove
... The Lorena Stove is an enclosed stove of rammed earth construction, with a chimney built onto it ... The Lorena Stove was designed with the mistaken belief that rammed earth would act as insulation there was a basic misunderstanding of the difference between mass and insulation ... Testing has shown that the rammed earth used in the Lorena stove absorbs heat that should be directed toward cooking ...

Famous quotes containing the words earth and/or rammed:

    I am not aware that any man has ever built on the spot which I occupy. Deliver me from a city built on the site of a more ancient city, whose materials are ruins, whose gardens cemeteries. The soil is blanched and accursed there, and before that becomes necessary the earth itself will be destroyed.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    School-days, I believe, are the unhappiest in the whole span of human existence. They are full of dull, unintelligible tasks, new and unpleasant ordinances, brutal violations of common sense and common decency. It doesn’t take a reasonably bright boy long to discover that most of what is rammed into him is nonsense, and that no one really cares very much whether he learns it or not.
    —H.L. (Henry Lewis)