What is psychology?


Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors. Psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist, and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain cognitive functions and behaviors.

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Some articles on psychology:

Gordon Allport
... the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology ... Allport had a profound and lasting influence on the field of psychology, even though his work is cited much less often than that of other well-known ... His brother Floyd Henry Allport, was professor of social psychology and political psychology at Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public ...
Psychology Of Religion - History - Modern Thinkers - James Hillman
... James Hillman, at the end of his book Re-Visioning Psychology, reverses James' position of viewing religion through psychology, urging instead that we view psychology as a variety of religious experience ... He concludes "Psychology as religion implies imagining all psychological events as effects of Gods in the soul." ...
Criticism - Critical Psychology
... Main article Critical psychology Critical psychology is a sub-discipline aimed at evaluating mainstream psychology and attempts to apply psychology in more progressive ways, often ... One of critical psychology's main objections to conventional psychology is that it ignores the way power differences between social classes and groups can affect the mental and ... Key elements within critical psychology include the study of power relations, situated knowledge, and the dualisms of the self and the agency, and the individual and the social ...
Perception Management - Psychology
... A newly emerging section of psychology known as positive psychology has to do with controlling one's perception of the world ... Positive psychology says that in order to be most successful a person must perceive the world in a positive light ... This field of psychology is causing a lot of controversy as it is not accepted by traditional psychologists ...

Famous quotes containing the word psychology:

    Idleness is the beginning of all psychology. What? Could it be that psychology is—a vice?
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    A writer must always try to have a philosophy and he should also have a psychology and a philology and many other things. Without a philosophy and a psychology and all these various other things he is not really worthy of being called a writer. I agree with Kant and Schopenhauer and Plato and Spinoza and that is quite enough to be called a philosophy. But then of course a philosophy is not the same thing as a style.
    Gertrude Stein (1874–1946)

    A large part of the popularity and persuasiveness of psychology comes from its being a sublimated spiritualism: a secular, ostensibly scientific way of affirming the primacy of “spirit” over matter.
    Susan Sontag (b. 1933)