Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood, cement, hydrogen, air and water are all examples of materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties that are used as inputs to production or manufacturing. In this sense, materials are the parts required to make something else, from buildings and art to stars and computers.
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Some articles on material:
... demonstrated it at the 1862 International Exhibition in London, calling the material he produced "Parkesine." Derived from cellulose, Parkesine could be heated, molded ... In 1868, American inventor John Wesley Hyatt developed a plastic material he named Celluloid, improving on Parkes' invention so that it could be ... This machine also allowed material to be mixed before injection, so that colored or recycled plastic could be added to virgin material and mixed thoroughly before being injected ...
... In materials science, ductility is a solid material's ability to deform under tensile stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to be stretched into a wire ... Malleability, a similar property, is a material's ability to deform under compressive stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling ... properties are aspects of plasticity, the extent to which a solid material can be plastically deformed without fracture ...
... It usually happens when the deformations are large or if the material changes its properties under deformations ... An anelastic material is a special case of a viscoelastic material an anelastic material will fully recover to its original state on the removal of load ...
... absorption or adsorption with the absorbing or adsorbing material becoming physically 'changed' somewhat, by an increase in volume, stickiness, or other physical ... A hydroscopic material will tend to become damp and "cake" when exposed to moist air (such as salt in salt shakers during humid weather) ... of their affinity for atmospheric moisture, hygroscopic materials might necessitate their being stored in sealed containers ...
... The material's unique properties have found niche use in medical and scientific applications ... as Power Putty and TheraPutty) alter the material's properties, offering different levels of resistance ... The material is also used therapeutically for stress reduction ...
More definitions of "material":
- (adj): Having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary.
Synonyms: substantial, real
- (adj): Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests.
Example: "Material possessions"; "material wealth"; "material comforts"
- (adj): Having material or physical form or substance.
- (noun): Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers.
Example: "She measured off enough material for a dress"
Synonyms: fabric, cloth, textile
- (adj): Derived from or composed of matter.
Example: "The material universe"
- (noun): Information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form.
Example: "The archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
- (adj): Directly relevant to a matter especially a law case.
Example: "His support made a material difference"; "evidence material to the issue at hand"; "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"; "a material witness"
- (noun): The tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object.
Example: "Coal is a hard black material"
- (noun): Things needed for doing or making something.
Example: "Writing materials"; "useful teaching materials"
- (adj): Concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being.
Example: "Material needs"; "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt
Famous quotes containing the word material:
“The possibility of interpretation lies in the identity of the observer with the observed. Each material thing has its celestial side; has its translation, through humanity, into the spiritual and necessary sphere, where it plays a part as indestructible as any other.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Decisive inventions and discoveries always are initiated by an intellectual or moral stimulus as their actual motivating force, but, usually, the final impetus to human action is given by material impulses ... merchants stood as a driving force behind the heroes of the age of discovery; this first heroic impulse to conquer the world emanated from very mortal forcesin the beginning, there was spice.”
—Stefan Zweig (18811942)
“There is but one love of Jesus, as there is but one person in the poorJesus. We take vows of chastity to love Christ with undivided love; to be able to love him with undivided love we take a vow of poverty which frees us from all material possessions, and with that freedom we can love him with undivided love, and from this vow of undivided love we surrender ourselves totally to him in the person who takes his place.”
—Mother Teresa (b. 1910)