What is lexicon?

  • (noun): A language user's knowledge of words.
    Synonyms: vocabulary, mental lexicon
    See also — Additional definitions below


In most theories of linguistics, human languages are thought to consist of two parts: a lexicon, essentially a catalogue of a given language's words, and a grammar, a system of rules which allow for the combination of those words into meaningful sentences. The lexicon is also thought to include bound morphemes, which cannot stand alone as words (such as most affixes). In some analyses, compound words and certain classes of idiomatic expressions and other collocations are also considered to be part of the lexicon. Dictionaries represent attempts at listing, in alphabetical order, the lexicon of a given language; usually, however, bound morphemes are not included.

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Some articles on lexicon:

Second Language Lexicon
... The term lexicon is generally used in the context of single language ... are generally thought to have multiple lexicons ... may be considered to possess a single lexicon ...
Lexical Markup Framework - A Tiny Example
... The language value is set for the whole lexicon as shown in the following UML instance diagram ... The elements Lexical Resource, Global Information, Lexicon, Lexical Entry, Lemma, and Word Form define the structure of the lexicon ...
Ludwig Lewin Jacobson - Jewish Encyclopedia Bibliography
... Salmonsen, Store Illustrerede Konversations-Lexicon C ... Bricka, Dansk Biografisk Lexicon Erslew, Forfatter-Lexicon.S ...
Meaning–text Theory - The Lexicon
... A crucial aspect of MTT is the lexicon, considered to be a comprehensive catalogue of the lexical units (LUs) of a language, these units being the lexemes, collocations and other ... The lexicon in MTT is represented by the Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary (ECD) which includes entries for all of the LUs of a language along with information ...
Modern Evolution Of Esperanto - Lexicon
... There has been some criticism of using the prefix mal- to create the antonyms of common adjectives, such as mallonga "short" from longa "long", or malmultekosta "inexpensive" from multekosta "expensive" ... Several dozen neologisms have been coined for these antonyms (in these cases kurta "short" and ĉipa "cheap"), often for purposes of poetry, but few have met with much acceptance ...

More definitions of "lexicon":

  • (noun): A reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.
    Synonyms: dictionary

Famous quotes containing the word lexicon:

    Psychobabble is ... a set of repetitive verbal formalities that kills off the very spontaneity, candor, and understanding it pretends to promote. It’s an idiom that reduces psychological insight to a collection of standardized observations, that provides a frozen lexicon to deal with an infinite variety of problems.
    Richard Dean Rosen (b. 1949)

    According to Father’s lexicon people who started on a job and didn’t stay at it for 50 years were “quitters.” If you stayed 20 years and then shifted to more congenial work you were a “drifter.”
    Richard Bissell (1913–1977)