What are Calais?

  • (noun): A town in northern France on the Strait of Dover that serves as a ferry port to England; in 1347 it was captured by the English king Edward III after a long siege and remained in English hands until it was recaptured by the French king Henry II in 1558.


Calais (/ˈkæleɪ/ CAL-ay, traditionally /ˈkælɨs/; ; Dutch: Kales) is a town and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's capital is its third-largest city of Arras. The population of the metropolitan area at the 1999 census was 125,584. Calais overlooks the Strait of Dover, the narrowest point in the English Channel, which is only 34 km (21 mi) wide here, and is the closest French town to England. The White Cliffs of Dover can easily be seen on a clear day from Calais. Calais is a major port for ferries between France and England, and since 1994, the Channel Tunnel has been linked to nearby Coquelles from Folkestone by rail.

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Some articles on Calais:

Avesnes (disambiguation)
... Avesnes is the name of several villages and towns in France Avesnes, département Pas-de-Calais Avesnes (Somme), département Somme, former municipality, now part of Vron ... Seine-Maritime Avesnes-le-Comte, département Pas-de-Calais Avesnes-les-Aubert, département Nord Avesnes-lès-Bapaume, département Pas-de-Calais Avesnes-le-Sec, département Nord Avesnes-sur-Helpe, département ...
Communauté D'agglomération Du Calaisis
... d'agglomération du Calaisis was created on December 28, 2000 and is located in the Pas-de-Calais département, in northern France ... Coquelles Coulogne Marck, Pas-de-Calais Sangatte Calais ...
SS Bessemer - Career
... The ship sailed from Dover to Calais on a private trial in April 1875 ... On arrival, it sustained damage to a paddle-wheel when it hit the pier at Calais, due to its failure to answer to the helm at slow speed ... After two attempts to enter the harbour, it crashed into the Calais pier again, this time demolishing part of it ...
List Of Captains, Lieutenants And Lords Deputies Of English Calais
... The town of Calais, now part of France, was in English hands from 1347 to 1558, and this page lists the commanders of Calais, holding office from the English Crown, called at different times Captain of Calais, King's ...