Western Ghats

The Western Ghats or the Sahyādri constitute a mountain range along the western side of India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hottest hotspots of biological diversity in the world. This range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea.

The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India.

These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex riverine drainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan Plateau The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).

The area is one of the world’s ten "Hottest biodiversity hotspots" and has over 5000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species and 179 amphibian species; it is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats.

Read more about Western Ghats:  Geology, Mountains, Peaks, Lakes and Reservoirs, Rivers, Climate, Ecoregions, Biome Protection, Fauna, Flora

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Central Deccan Plateau Dry Deciduous Forests - Setting
... Plateau is a large triangular plateau in southern India, bounded by the Western Ghats range to the west, the Eastern Ghats to the east, and the western Satpura ... Hyderabad, the state capital, with a small portion extending across the Eastern Ghats to the Arabian Sea in Krishna District ... south, and southeast, covering the drier portions of the plateau in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats ...
Tirupur District - Geography and Climate
... Tiruppur district lies on the western part of Tamil Nadu bordering the western ghats and hence the district enjoys a moderate climate.The district is surrounded ...
Western Ghats - Flora
... List of Butterflies recorded from the Western Ghats Malabar Barbet Tropical Rainforest of India ...
... This village is situated atop the Charmadi hills in the Western Ghats section ... The Western Ghats is one amongst twenty-five identified hot spots for biodiversity conservation in the world ... The Hemavati, which flows through Banakal, originates in Western Ghats ...

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