Urban Agriculture

Urban agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city. Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry, and horticulture. These activities also occur in peri-urban areas as well.

Urban farming is generally practiced for income-earning or food-producing activities, though in some communities the main impetus is recreation and relaxation. Urban agriculture contributes to food security and food safety in two ways: first, it increases the amount of food available to people living in cities, and second, it allows fresh vegetables, fruits, and meat products to be made available to urban consumers. It decreases food deserts. A common and efficient form of urban agriculture is the biointensive method. Because urban agriculture promotes energy-saving local food production, urban and peri-urban agriculture are generally seen as sustainable agriculture. Another aspect of urban farming, especially in densely populated American cities, is the use of grow-bags to raise a wide range of crops. Many apartment dwellers with no yards to speak of, or people with very small yards, will set up these bags on a balcony or thin strip of land. Also, many types of hanging bags are available to plant, expanding the area available for planting. The bags themselves are made from a variety of materials, including canvas, weed barrier fabric, and polyester, all having semi-porus properties so the soil can drain adequately. The term "Bagriculture" was coined in 1998 by Los Angeles animator and amateur archaeologist Rudy Zappa Martinez to describe this type of agriculture.

The recognition of environmental degradation within cities through the relocation of resources to serve urban populations has inspired the implementation of different schemes of urban agriculture across the developed and developing world. From historic models such as Machu Picchu to designs for new productive city farms, the idea of locating agriculture in or around the city takes on many characteristics.

Read more about Urban AgricultureHistory, Facts, Implementation, Benefits, Difficulties

Other articles related to "urban agriculture, agriculture, urban":

Urban Agriculture - Difficulties
... Agriculture and urbanization are considered to be incompatible activities, competing for the access and use of limited land ... In reality, in urban areas there is important available space for agriculture use such as public and private vacant lots, and areas not suited for built-up uses (ste ... as reasonably priced water) are among the most common problems confronted by urban agriculture ...
Sustainable City - Architecture - Urban Farming
... Urban farming is the process of growing and distributing food, as well as raising animals, in and around a city or in urban area ... According to the RUAF Foundation, urban farming is different from rural agriculture because "it is integrated into the urban economic and ecological system urban agriculture is embedded in -an ... Such linkages include the use of urban residents as labourers, use of typical urban resources (like organic waste as compost and urban wastewater for irrigation), direct links with urban consumers ...
Agriculture In Cuba - Urban Agriculture
... percentage of the agricultural production takes place in the so-called urban agriculture ... In 2002, 35,000 acres (140 km2) of urban gardens produced 3.4 million metric tons of food ... the city's fresh produce come from local urban farms and gardens ...
Agriculture In The People's Republic Of China - Major Agricultural Products - Crop Distribution - Peri-urban Agriculture
4,822 km² in 1956 to 16,808 km² in 1958, has led to the increased adoption of peri-urban agriculture ... Such "suburban agriculture" led to more than 70% of non-staple food in Beijing, mainly consisting of vegetables and milk, to be produced by the city itself in the ... relative food security in China, periurban agriculture has led to improvements in the quality of the food available, as opposed to quantity ...
Organopónicos - Applicability Beyond Cuba
... the socialist government of Hugo Chavez is trying to introduce urban agriculture to the populace ... Urban agriculture has not been embraced in Caracas as it has in Cuba ... Another problem for urban agriculture in Venezuela is the high amounts of pollution in major Venezuelan urban areas ...

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