Ulugh Beg

Ulugh Beg (Persian: میرزا محمد طارق بن شاہرخ الغ‌بیگ‎ – Mīrzā Muhammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh Uluġ Beg) (March 22, 1394 in Sultaniyeh (Persia) – October 27, 1449 (Samarkand)) was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. His commonly known name is not truly a personal name, but rather a moniker, which can be loosely translated as "Great Ruler" or "Patriarch Ruler" and was the Turkic equivalent of Timur's Perso-Arabic title Amīr-e Kabīr. His real name was Mīrzā Mohammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrokh. Ulugh Beg was also notable for his work in astronomy-related mathematics, such as trigonometry and spherical geometry. He built the great Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarkand between 1424 and 1429. It was considered by scholars to have been one of the finest observatories in the Islamic world at the time and the largest in Central Asia. He also build the Ulugh Beg Madrasah (1417–1420) in Samarkand and Bukhara, transforming the cities into cultural center of learning in Central Asia. He was also a mathematics genius of the 15th century — albeit his mental aptitude was perseverance rather than any unusual endowment of intellect. He ruled Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and southern Kazakhstan for almost half a century from 1411 to 1449 and occupied the Herat province in Afghanistan for a short time in 1448.

Read more about Ulugh BegEarly Life, Science, Death, Exhumation

Other articles related to "ulugh beg":

Satuq Khan
... Khan in Timurid Empire set up as nominal Khan by Ulugh Beg and later replaced and sent in 1428 C.E ... Soon after this, Ulugh Beg sent an army to Kashghar ... remained under Timurid rule for a few more years, as Ulugh Beg installed several governors in the town ...
Ulugh Beg - Exhumation
... Gerasimov reconstructed the face of Ulugh Beg ... Like Timurlane, Ulugh Beg is close to the Mongoloid type with slightly Europoid features ...
Jamshīd Al-Kāshī - Biography
... Eight years after he came into power in 1409, their son, Ulugh Beg, founded an institute in Samarkand which soon became a prominent university ... flocked to this academy in the capital city of Ulugh Beg’s empire ... Consequently, Ulugh Beg harvested many great mathematicians and scientists of the Muslim world ...
Ali Qushji - Biography - Early Life and Works
... the falconer - due to the fact that Ali's father Muhammad was the royal falconer of Ulugh Beg ... Herat for a while he went back to Samarkand and herald his works about moon to Ulugh Beg ... Ulugh Beg was fascinated with the works and read the entire work while standing up ...
Abd Al-Latif Ibn Muhammad Taraghay Ulughbek
... He was the third son of Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler of Transoxiana (modern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and parts of Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan) ... that followed the death of Shah Rukh, he occupied Herat, although after Ulugh Beg left the city at the end of 1448 it was conquered by Abu'l-Qasim Bābur ... he was to be passed over in the transfer of rule of Samarkand, he revolted while Ulugh Beg was marching to retake Khorasan ...

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