Tycho Brahe

Tycho Brahe (14 December 1546 – 24 October 1601), born Tyge Ottesen Brahe, was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden. Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer and alchemist.

In his De nova stella (On the new star) of 1573, he refuted the Aristotelian belief in an unchanging celestial realm. His precise measurements indicated that "new stars" (stellae novae, now known as supernovae), in particular that of 1572, lacked the parallax expected in sub-lunar phenomena, and were therefore not "atmospheric" tail-less comets as previously believed, but occurred above the atmosphere and moon. Using similar measurements he showed that comets were also not atmospheric phenomena, as previously thought, and must pass through the supposedly "immutable" celestial spheres.

As an astronomer, Tycho worked to combine what he saw as the geometrical benefits of the Copernican system with the philosophical benefits of the Ptolemaic system into his own model of the universe, the Tychonic system. Furthermore, he was the last of the major naked eye astronomers, working without telescopes for his observations.

Tycho Brahe was granted an estate on the island of Hven and the funding to build the Uraniborg, an early research institute, where he built large astronomical instruments and took many careful measurements, and later Stjerneborg, underground, when he discovered that his instruments in the former were not sufficiently steady. Something of an autocrat on the island he nevertheless founded manufactories such as paper-making to provide material for printing his results. After disagreements with the new Danish king in 1597, he was invited by the Bohemian king and Holy Roman emperor Rudolph II to Prague, where he became the official imperial astronomer. He built the new observatory at Benátky nad Jizerou. Here, from 1600 until his death in 1601, he was assisted by Johannes Kepler who later used Tycho's astronomical data to develop Kepler's laws of planetary motion.

Read more about Tycho BraheTychonic Astronomy After Tycho, Tycho's Lunar Theory, Legacy

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... published Apologia pro observationibus, et hypothesibus...Tycho Brahe...Contra...Martini Hortensii Delfensis criminationes et calumnies, quas in praefationem commentationum praeceptoris sui Philippi Lansbergii ... cosarcinnavit ("Defense of the Astronomical Observations and Theses of Tycho Brahe against the accusations and false claims of Martinus Hortensius of Delft, which appear in his preface of the commentary by his ... Van den Hove had attacked many of Tycho Brahe's claims in his preface to his Latin translation of a work by Landsbergen ...
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... Although Tycho's planetary model was soon discredited, his astronomical observations were an essential contribution to the scientific revolution ... The traditional view of Tycho is that he was primarily an empiricist who set new standards for precise and objective measurements ... originated in Pierre Gassendi's 1654 biography, Tychonis Brahe, equitis Dani, astronomorum coryphaei, vita ...
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... M/F Tycho Brahe is a Danish train and car ferry that operates between Helsingør, Denmark and Helsingborg, Sweden, a distance of just 5 km ... M/F Tycho Brahe has been in use since 1991 ... The ship is named after the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe ...
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... Tycho Brahe is Jerry Holkins' comic alter ego (named after the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe) ... sarcastic, and almost invariably clad in a blue-striped sweater, Tycho enjoys books, role-playing video games, unnecessarily large words, and ... According to Tycho, "Some people play tennis, I erode the human soul." He used to work as a telemarketer, because he hates to think that there's someone happier than he is ...

Famous quotes related to tycho brahe:

    In mathematics he was greater
    Than Tycho Brahe, or Erra Pater:
    For he, by geometric scale,
    Could take the size of pots of ale;
    Resolve, by sines and tangents straight,
    If bread and butter wanted weight;
    And wisely tell what hour o’ th’ day
    The clock doth strike, by algebra.
    Samuel Butler (1612–1680)