The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy

The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy is a book by John Mearsheimer, Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago, and Stephen Walt, Professor of International Relations at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, published in late August 2007. It was a New York Times Best Seller.

The book describes the lobby as a "loose coalition of individuals and organizations who actively work to steer U.S. foreign policy in a pro-Israel direction". The book "focuses primarily on the lobby's influence on U.S. foreign policy and its negative effect on American interests". The authors also argue that "the lobby's impact has been unintentionally harmful to Israel as well".

The authors argue that although "the boundaries of the Israel lobby cannot be identified precisely", it "has a core consisting of organizations whose declared purpose is to encourage the U.S. government and the American public to provide material aid to Israel and to support its government's policies, as well as influential individuals for whom these goals are also a top priority". They note that "not..every American with a favorable attitude to Israel is part of the lobby", and that although "the bulk of the lobby is comprised of Jewish Americans", there are many American Jews who are not part of the lobby, and the lobby also includes Christian Zionists. They also claim a drift of important groups in "the lobby" to the right, and overlap with the neoconservatives.

The book was preceded by a paper commissioned by The Atlantic Monthly and written by Mearsheimer and Walt. The Atlantic Monthly rejected the paper, and it was published elsewhere. The paper attracted considerable controversy, both praise and criticism. Some critics also faulted the authors for allegedly having an overly broad and vague definition of the "Israel lobby," confusing cause and effect, "cherry-picking" information, relying too heavily on unreliable and unsubstantiated information, and for misquoting and misstatements. In the book published in August 2007 the authors responded to criticisms leveled against them. They maintained that the vast majority of charges leveled against the original article were unfounded, but some critiques raised issues of interpretation and emphasis, which they addressed in the book.

Read more about The Israel Lobby And U.S. Foreign PolicyBackground, Content of The Preceding Paper, Reception, Reaction To The Reception, Debate, See Also

Famous quotes containing the words foreign policy, policy, foreign, lobby and/or israel:

    Foreign policy is really domestic policy with its hat on.
    Hubert H. Humphrey (1911–1978)

    Will mankind never learn that policy is not morality,—that it never secures any moral right, but considers merely what is expedient? chooses the available candidate,—who is invariably the devil,—and what right have his constituents to be surprised, because the devil does not behave like an angel of light? What is wanted is men, not of policy, but of probity,—who recognize a higher law than the Constitution, or the decision of the majority.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    It tosses up our losses, the torn seine,
    The shattered lobster pot, the broken oar
    And the gear of foreign dead men. The sea has many voices,
    Many gods and many voices.
    —T.S. (Thomas Stearns)

    The indifferent clerk he knowing what was going to happen
    The lobby zombies they knowing what
    The whistling elevator man he knowing
    The winking bellboy knowing
    Everybody knowing! I’d be almost inclined not to do anything!
    Gregory Corso (b. 1930)

    ...that he may learn that there is a prophet in Israel.
    Bible: Hebrew, 2 Kings 5:8.

    Elijah to the king of Israel who has received a letter from the king of Syria looking for someone to cure his commander of leprosy.