Supercomputer

A supercomputer is a computer at the frontline of current processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation.

Supercomputers were introduced in the 1960s and were designed primarily by Seymour Cray at Control Data Corporation (CDC), and later at Cray Research. While the supercomputers of the 1970s used only a few processors, in the 1990s, machines with thousands of processors began to appear and by the end of the 20th century, massively parallel supercomputers with tens of thousands of "off-the-shelf" processors were the norm.

Systems with a massive number of processors generally take one of two paths: in one approach, e.g. in grid computing the processing power of a large number of computers in distributed, diverse administrative domains, is opportunistically used whenever a computer is available. In another approach, a large number of processors are used in close proximity to each other, e.g. in a computer cluster. The use of multi-core processors combined with centralization is an emerging direction. As of November 2012, the Cray Titan supercomputer is the fastest in the world.

Supercomputers are used for highly calculation-intensive tasks such as problems including quantum physics, weather forecasting, climate research, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling (computing the structures and properties of chemical compounds, biological macromolecules, polymers, and crystals), and physical simulations (such as simulation of airplanes in wind tunnels, simulation of the detonation of nuclear weapons, and research into nuclear fusion).

Read more about SupercomputerHistory, Hardware and Architecture, Applications of Supercomputers, Research and Development Trends

Other articles related to "supercomputer, supercomputers":

Steele (supercomputer)
... Steele was a supercomputer installed at Purdue University on May 5, 2008 ... Steele was the largest campus supercomputer in the Big Ten outside a national center when built ... It ranked 104th on the November 2008 TOP500 Supercomputer Sites list ...
Supercomputer - Research and Development Trends
... The Chinese government announced, on October 31, 2012, that they are building a 100 petaflop supercomputer named Tianhe-2, slated for completion in 2015 ... Given the current speed of progress, industry experts estimate that supercomputers will reach 1 exaflops (1018) (one quintillion FLOPS) by 2018 ... China also stated plans to have a 1 exaflop supercomputer online by 2018 at the same time as their 100 petaflop announcement ...
Supercomputing In China
... The People's Republic of China operates a number of supercomputer centers which have held world records in speed ... the World Bank jointly launched a project to develop networking and supercomputer facilities in China ... In addition to network facilities, the project included three supercomputer centers ...
Shaheen (supercomputer)
... Shaheen consists primarily of a 16-rack IBM Blue Gene/P supercomputer owned and operated by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) ... named after the Peregrine Falcon, is the largest and most powerful supercomputer in the Middle East and is intended to grow into a petascale facility by the year 2011, Originally ... leader in the acquisition, design, and development of the Shaheen supercomputer ...
Blue Mountain Supercomputer
... Blue Mountain was a supercomputer designed to run simulations for the United States National Nuclear Security Administration's Advanced Simulation and ... According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory website, the supercomputer set a world record in May 2000, with the equivalent of 17.8 years of normal computer ... on Monday, November 8, 2004 at 8 am, and was replaced by the ASCI Q, Lightning, and QSC supercomputers ...