SunbirdFor other uses, see Sunbird (disambiguation).
|Sunbirds and spiderhunters|
|Crimson Sunbird (male above, female below)|
15, see text
The sunbirds and spiderhunters make up a family, Nectariniidae, of very small passerine birds. There are 132 species in 15 genera. The family is distributed throughout Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and just reaches northern Australia. Most sunbirds feed largely on nectar, but also take insects and spiders, especially when feeding young. Flower tubes that bar access to nectar because of their shape, are simply punctured at the base near the nectaries. Fruit is also part of the diet of some species. Their flight is fast and direct on their short wings.
The sunbirds have counterparts in two very distantly related groups: the hummingbirds of the Americas and the honeyeaters of Australia. The resemblances are due to convergent evolution brought about by a similar nectar-feeding lifestyle. Some sunbird species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed.
Other articles related to "sunbird, sunbirds":
... Sunbird Airlines, "The Carolina Connection", was a United States airline founded in Denver, North Carolina on November 15, 1979 ... In 1983, Sunbird acquired the Beechcraft C99 turboprop aircraft, and was the launch customer for the -C model (larger baggage pod, etc.) ... Express Airlines, and merged this operation with that of Sunbird ...
... The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young ... Gray-headed Sunbird Deleornis axillaris Western Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes longuemarei Collared Sunbird Hedydipna collaris Green-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra verticalis Blue-headed Sunbird ...
... Chalcoparia (sometimes included in Anthreptes) Ruby-cheeked Sunbird, Chalcoparia singalensis Genus Deleornis (sometimes included in Anthreptes) Fraser's ... Anthreptes (c.12 species) Plain-backed Sunbird, Anthreptes reichenowi Anchieta's Sunbird, Anthreptes anchietae Plain Sunbird, Anthreptes simplex Brown-throated Sunbird ... bifasciatus Violet-breasted Sunbird, Cinnyris chalcomelas Pemba Sunbird, Cinnyris pembae Orange-tufted Sunbird, Cinnyris bouvieri Palestine Sunbird, Cinnyris oseus Shining ...
... The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young ... Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus Gould's Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis Black-throated ...
... Pygmy Sunbird Purple-rumped Sunbird Socotra Sunbird Bronze Sunbird Malachite Sunbird Olive-backed Sunbird Purple Sunbird Crimson Sunbird Gould's Sunbird ...