Status Epilepticus

Status epilepticus (SE) is a life-threatening condition in which the brain is in a state of persistent seizure. Definitions vary, but traditionally it is defined as one continuous, unremitting seizure lasting longer than 5 minutes, or recurrent seizures without regaining consciousness between seizures for greater than 5 minutes. Treatment is, however, generally started after the seizure has lasted five minutes. It is always considered a medical emergency. There is some evidence that five minutes is sufficient to damage neurons and that seizures are unlikely to self-terminate by that time.

First aid guidelines for seizures state that, as a rule, an ambulance should be called for seizures lasting longer than five minutes (or sooner if this is the patient's first seizure episode and no precipitating factors are known, or if SE happens to a person with epilepsy whose seizures were previously absent or well controlled for a considerable time period). The mortality rate of status epilepticus has the potential to be quite high (at least 20%), especially if treatment is not initiated quickly. However, with optimal neurological care, adherence to the medication regimen, and a good prognosis (no other underlying uncontrolled brain or other organic disease), the patient- even people who have been diagnosed with epilepsy- in otherwise good health can survive with minimal or no brain damage, and can decrease their risk of death and even avoid future seizures.

Read more about Status EpilepticusSigns and Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Epidemiology

Other articles related to "status epilepticus, status":

Classification - Epilepsy Syndromes
... lobe epilepsy, limbic epilepsy, status epilepticus, abdominal epilepsy, massive bilateral myoclonus, catamenial epilepsy, Jacksonian seizure disorder, Lafora disease ... seizures are often prolonged, and may lead to status epilepticus, a medical emergency ... and may progress to epilepsia partialis continua (simple partial status epilepticus) ...
Complex Partial Status Epilepticus
... Complex partial status epilepticus (CPSE) is one of the non-convulsive forms of status epilepticus, a rare form of epilepsy defined by its recurrent nature ...
Soo Ik Lee - Career
... centered on the clinical and EEG characteristics of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (also complex partial status epilepticus, absence status epilepticus, ictal stupor) ...
ICD-10 Chapter VI: Diseases Of The Nervous System - G00–G99 – Diseases of The Nervous System - (G40–G47) Episodic and Paroxysmal Disorders - Epilepsy
... or generalized (G40.9) Epilepsy, unspecified (G41) Status epilepticus (G41.0) Grand mal status epilepticus (G41.1) Petit mal status epilepticus (G41.2) Complex partial status ...

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