SPEAKING

In sociolinguistics, Espiquin or the Espiquin model, is a model socio-linguistic study (represented as a mnemonic) developed by Dell Hymes. It is a tool to assist the identification and labeling of components of linguistic interaction that was driven by his view that, in order to speak a language correctly, one needs not only to learn its vocabulary and grammar, but also the context in which words are used.

To facilitate the application of his representation, Hymes constructed the acronym, E-s-p-i-q-u-i-n (for setting and scene, participants, ends, acts sequence, key, instrumentalities, norms, & genre) under which he grouped the sixteen components within eight divisions.

The model had sixteen components that can be applied to many sorts of discourse: message form; message content; setting; scene; speaker/sender; addressor; hearer/receiver/audience; addressee; purposes (outcomes); purposes (goals); key; channels; forms of speech; norms of interaction; norms of interpretation; and genres.

Other articles related to "speaking":

Getoar
... GE stands for Gheg living in the north of Albanian lands (Northern Albania) and speaking the Gheg Dialect, TO for Tosk living in the south and ... and speaking varieties of Albanian like Arbëresh and Arvanitika ...
Welsh Not
... schools in the late 19th and early 20th century to dissuade children from speaking Welsh ... The "not" was given to any child overheard speaking Welsh, who would pass it to a different child if they were overheard speaking Welsh ... The idea of the "not" was to discourage pupils from speaking Welsh, at a time when English was considered by some to be the only suitable medium of instruction ...
Members Of The European Parliament For Belgium 1999–2004
... affiliation Anne André-Léonard French-speaking PRL European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party Ward Beysen Dutch-speaking VLD Non-Inscrits Philip Claeys Dutch-speaking ... Lannoye French-speaking Ecolo Greens-EFA Nelly Maes Dutch-speaking VU / Spirit Greens-EFA Frédérique Ries French-speaking PRL European Liberal, Democrat ...
Graius - History - Modern
... While most Greeks today are descended from Greek-speaking Romioi there are sizeable groups of ethnic Greeks who trace their descent to Aromanian-speaking Vlachs and Albanian-speaking Arvanites as well as ...
Cypher (comics) - Other Versions - Age of X
... She was part-Navajo, and Ramsey forged some sort of emotional bond with her by speaking to her in the Navajo tongue ... Survivors of the incident reported seeing Ramsey "speaking in tongues" ... Moments after Ramsey began speaking in an indecipherable, the Exonim units turned on each other, discharging all their weapons in a three-second exchange of fire which caused a forty-meter wide ...

Famous quotes containing the word speaking:

    But there is nothing which delights and terrifies our English Theatre so much as a Ghost, especially when he appears in a bloody Shirt. A Spectre has very often saved a Play, though he has done nothing but stalked across the Stage, or rose through a Cleft of it, and sunk again without speaking one Word.
    Joseph Addison (1672–1719)

    Will, when speaking well can’t win her,
    Saying nothing do’t?
    Prithee, why so mute?
    Sir John Suckling (1609–1642)

    “There comes Emerson first, whose rich words, every one,
    Are like gold nails in temples to hang trophies on,
    Whose prose is grand verse, while his verse, the Lord knows,
    Is some of it pr—No, ‘t is not even prose;
    I’m speaking of metres;
    James Russell Lowell (1819–1891)