South Ossetia

South Ossetia ( /əˈsɛtiə/ ə-SET-ee-ə or /ɒˈsiːʃə/ o-SEE-shə; Ossetic: Хуссар Ирыстон, Xussar Iryston; Georgian: სამხრეთი ოსეთი, Samxreti Oseti; Russian: Южная Осетия, Yuzhnaya Osetiya) or Tskhinvali Region (Georgian: ცხინვალის რეგიონი, Tsxinvalis regioni; Russian: Цхинвальский регион, Tskhinvalskiy region) is a disputed region and partly recognized state in the South Caucasus, located in the territory of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast within the former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR.

South Ossetians declared independence from Georgia in 1990, calling themselves the Republic of South Ossetia. The Georgian government responded by abolishing South Ossetia's autonomy and trying to retake the region by force. This led to the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War. Georgian fighting against those controlling South Ossetia occurred on two other occasions, in 2004 and 2008. The last conflict led to the 2008 South Ossetia war, during which Ossetian and Russian forces gained full, de facto control of the territory of the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast.

In the wake of the 2008 South Ossetia War, Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Vanuatu, and Tuvalu have recognized South Ossetia as a sovereign nation.

Georgia does not recognize the existence of South Ossetia as a political entity, and considers most of its territory a part of the Shida Kartli region under Georgian sovereignty, occupied by the Russian army.


Read more about South OssetiaGeography, Political Status, Politics, Demographics, Economy, Education, Culture, Gallery

Other articles related to "south ossetia, south":

List Of State Leaders In 2008 - Europe
... Ankvab, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (2005–2010) South Ossetia (partially recognized secessionist state) President - Eduard Kokoity, President of South Ossetia (2001–2011) Prime Minister - Yury ...
South Ossetia - Gallery
... Pictures from South Ossetia Scenery in central South Ossetia A South Ossetian woman South Ossetian performers School Number 2 in Tshkinvali Kusdzhytae, South Ossetia ...
Leningor - Historically - Control Over The Town
... The town remained under Georgian jurisdiction after most of South Ossetia broke away from the central government's control during the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War ... It came under the control of South Ossetian secessionist authorities as a result of the 2008 South Ossetia War on August 17, 2008 ... The government of South Ossetia has renamed the town Leningor ...
South Ossetian Army - Personnel and Training
... There are 2500 active members and approximately 16000 reserve members within the South Ossetian Army (SOA) ... Since the establishment of the South Ossetic Military in 1992, the SOA has played a major role in several regional conflicts ... Most recognizable, was the 2008 War in South Ossetia ...
Controversy Over Abkhazian And South Ossetian Independence - Kosovo As A Precedent
... could use the case of Kosovo as pretext for recognising Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the future ... In October 2009, Dmitry Medvedev said that parallels between Kosovo and South Ossetia are "inappropriate" and that "We are categorically against drawing parallels between the Balkan events and the ... As concerns South Ossetia – it’s our unambiguous, absolutely clear position – it about repelling direct military aggression ...

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