South African English
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The term South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is applied to the first-language dialects of English spoken by South Africans, with the L1 English variety spoken by Zimbabweans, Zambians and Namibians, being recognised as offshoots.
There is some social and regional variation within South African English. Social variation within South African English has been classified into three groupings: Cultivated, closely approximating Received Pronunciation and associated with upper class; General, a social indicator of the middle class, and Broad, associated with the working class, and closely approximating the second-language Afrikaans-English variety. This is similar to the case in Australian English.
... "higher grade" a bit too complicated (from the South African matric division of exams into standard grade and higher grade) "now now"/"just now" From the Afrikaans "nou-nou" and "net-nou" ... now." Rhodes University situated in Grahamstown houses the Dictionary Unit for South African English ... The fourth edition of the Dictionary of South African English was released in 1991, and the Oxford Dictionary released its South African English dictionary in 2002 ...
... The following examples of South African accents were obtained from http//accent.gmu.edu) Native English Male (Cape Town, South Africa) Native English ...
... They typically occur in use in South Africa's townships, but some have become increasingly popular amongst white youth ... Unless otherwise noted these words do not occur in formal South African English ... mines (from Nguni nqukumbana, Scotch cart) donga – ditch of the type found in South African topography ...
... created language (lingua franca) Fanagalo which was used in the mines of South Africa to ensure workers from various language backgrounds could communicate) comprises slang words and ... Typical users include people with Afrikaans as their first language but who speak English as a second language and people living in areas where the population speaks both ... Many of these terms also occur widely amongst South African Coloureds ...
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